Brief Introduction: Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction
Number of Datasets: 1356
This data set is the plant collection and distribution site information of Three-River-Source National Park investigated by Northwest Plateau Biology Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences. The data set covers the period from 2008 to 2017, and the survey covers theThree-River-Source National Park. The survey contents include information such as collection date, number, family, genus, species, survey date, collection place, collector, longitude, latitude, altitude, habitat, appraiser, etc. Three parks of the national park were investigated respectively. 88 species of vegetation belonging to 56 genera and 24 families were investigated in the Yangtze River Source Park, with 116 records in total. Vegetation of 110 species in 64 genera and 26 families was investigated in the Yellow River Source Park, with 159 records in total. The vegetation of 30 species in 22 genera and 12 families was investigated in Lancang River Source Park, with a total of 33 records.
2021-10-13 7066 142
This dataset includes the monthly air temperature at 2 m in the Qilian Mountain area on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau during 1980 to 2013. The dataset was obtained from the ERA-interim reanalysis product. The ERA-interim system includes a 4-dimensional variational analysis (4D-Var). The quality of the data has been improved using the bias correction of satellite data. The spatial resolution of the dataset is 0.125°. The dataset includes the grid data of the air temperature in the Qilian Mountain area during the past 30 years, and provides a basic data for the studies such as climatic change, ecosystem succession, and earth system models.
2019-09-15 3352 232
Referring to the temperature-humidity index formula proposed by J.E. Oliver in 1973, the temperature-humidity index of thethe Green Silk Road Countries(GSRCs) is calculated based on the annual average temperature and relative humidity. The climate suitability assessment of human settlements of the GSRCs is carried out on the basis of the temperature-humidity index. the climate suitability of human settlements in different areas of GSRCs can be divided into five categories: Non-suitable area,Critically suitable area, Low suitable area, Moderately suitable area and High suitable area, based on the distribution characteristics of temperature-humidity index and its correlation with population distribution, according to the regional characteristics and differences of temperature and relative humidity, and referring to the physiological climate evaluation standard of temperature-humidity index.
2020-05-26 4048 223
The road data of 34 key areas along the Belt and Road is first collected from the Internet and then re-processed. Road data can be obtained from the OpenStreetMap open source wiki map. OpenStreetMap is a project designed to create and provide free geographic data (such as street maps) to anyone. First, we download the road data with the country where the key area along the One Belt One Road is located, then clip and extract according to the area, and then calculate the road length in each unit to obtain. Based on OpenStreetMap, it is finally integrated into a road length infrastructure element data product. The road length data can provide important basic data for the development of socio-economic infrastructure and transportation in key area and regions along the Belt and Road.
2020-12-25 1886 245
Soil data is important both on a global scale and on a local scale, and due to the lack of reliable soil data, land degradation assessments, environmental impact studies, and sustainable land management interventions have received significant bottlenecks . Affected by the urgent need for soil information data around the world, especially in the context of the Climate Change Convention, the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Kyoto Protocol for Soil Carbon Measurement and FAO/International The Global Agroecological Assessment Study (GAEZ v3.0) jointly established the Harmonized World Soil Database version 1.2 (HWSD V1.2). Among them, the data source in China is the second national land in 1995. Investigate 1:1,000,000 soil data provided by Nanjing Soil. The resolution is 30 seconds (about 0.083 degrees, 1km). The soil classification system used is mainly FAO-90. The core soil system unit unique verification identifier: MU_GLOBAL-HWSD database soil mapping unit identifier, connected to the GIS layer. MU_SOURCE1 and MU_SOURCE2 source database drawing unit identifiers SEQ-soil unit sequence in the composition of the soil mapping unit; The soil classification system utilizes the FAO-7 classification system or the FAO-90 classification system (SU_SYM74 resp. SU_SYM90) or FAO-85 (SU_SYM85). The main fields of the soil property sheet include: ID (database ID) MU_GLOBAL (Soil Unit Identifier) (Global) SU_SYMBOL soil drawing unit SU_SYM74 (FAO74 classification); SU_SYM85 (FAO85 classification); SU_SYM90 (name of soil in the FAO90 soil classification system); SU_CODE soil charting unit code SU_CODE74 soil unit name SU_CODE85 soil unit name SU_CODE90 soil unit name DRAINAGE (19.5); REF_DEPTH (soil reference depth); AWC_CLASS(19.5); AWC_CLASS (effective soil water content); PHASE1: Real (soil phase); PHASE2: String (soil phase); ROOTS: String (depth classification to the bottom of the soil); SWR: String (soil moisture content); ADD_PROP: Real (specific soil type in the soil unit related to agricultural use); T_TEXTURE (top soil texture); T_GRAVEL: Real (top gravel volume percentage); (unit: %vol.) T_SAND: Real (top sand content); (unit: % wt.) T_SILT: Real (surface layer sand content); (unit: % wt.) T_CLAY: Real (top clay content); (unit: % wt.) T_USDA_TEX: Real (top layer USDA soil texture classification); (unit: name) T_REF_BULK: Real (top soil bulk density); (unit: kg/dm3.) T_OC: Real (top organic carbon content); (unit: % weight) T_PH_H2O: Real (top pH) (unit: -log(H+)) T_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the top adhesive layer soil); (unit: cmol/kg) T_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of top soil) (unit: cmol/kg) T_BS: Real (top level basic saturation); (unit: %) T_TEB: Real (top exchangeable base); (unit: cmol/kg) T_CACO3: Real (top carbonate or lime content) (unit: % weight) T_CASO4: Real (top sulfate content); (unit: % weight) T_ESP: Real (top exchangeable sodium salt); (unit: %) T_ECE: Real (top conductivity). (Unit: dS/m) S_GRAVEL: Real (bottom crushed stone volume percentage); (unit: %vol.) S_SAND: Real (bottom sand content); (unit: % wt.) S_SILT: Real (bottom sludge content); (unit: % wt.) S_CLAY: Real (bottom clay content); (unit: % wt.) S_USDA_TEX: Real (bottom USDA soil texture classification); (unit: name) S_REF_BULK: Real (bottom soil bulk density); (unit: kg/dm3.) S_OC: Real (underlying organic carbon content); (unit: % weight) S_PH_H2O: Real (bottom pH) (unit: -log(H+)) S_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the underlying adhesive layer soil); (unit: cmol/kg) S_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of the bottom soil) (unit: cmol/kg) S_BS: Real (underlying basic saturation); (unit: %) S_TEB: Real (underlying exchangeable base); (unit: cmol/kg) S_CACO3: Real (bottom carbonate or lime content) (unit: % weight) S_CASO4: Real (bottom sulfate content); (unit: % weight) S_ESP: Real (underlying exchangeable sodium salt); (unit: %) S_ECE: Real (underlying conductivity). (Unit: dS/m) The database is divided into two layers, with the top layer (T) soil thickness (0-30 cm) and the bottom layer (S) soil thickness (30-100 cm). For other attribute values, please refer to the HWSD1.2_documentation documentation.pdf, The Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD V1.2) Viewer-Chinese description and HWSD.mdb.
2020-05-29 4443 346
The global land surface characteristic parameter (LAI) product was used with a spatial resolution of 5 km. The product uses generalized regression neural network method to retrieve Lai from AVHRR surface reflectance data. In this study, 12 issues of Lai data products from June to August of each year in five Central Asian countries, Mongolia and Northern China from 1981 to 2017 were downloaded from the national science and technology infrastructure platform National Earth System Science Data Center. These images are cropped by ArcGIS software, and the maximum value is calculated to obtain the spatiotemporal data set of the largest Lai. Among them, five Central Asian countries include Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan; northern China refers to the area north of the Yangtze River in China.
2021-01-26 4790 49
Surface albedo is a critical parameter in land surface energy balance. This dataset provides the monthly land surface albedo of UAV remote sensing for typical ground stations in the middle reaches of Heihe river basin during the vegetation growth stage (June to October) in 2020 (The data of Huazhaizi station in August is not available because of technical problem). The algorithm for calculating albedo is an empirical method, which was developed based on a comprehensive forward simulation dataset based on 6S model and typical spectrums. This method can effectively transform the surface reflectance to the broadband surface albedo. The method was then applied to the surface reflectance acquired by UAV multi-spectral sensor and the broadband surface albedo with a 0.2-m spatial resolution was eventually obtained.
2021-07-11 3236 0
This data set contains oxygen isotope data from 1010 to 2005. It is used to study environmental changes in the Xixiabangma area of the Tibetan Plateau. The ice core oxygen isotope is measured by instrument. This data set is obtained from laboratory measurements. The data are obtained immediately after the completion of the instrument or experiment. The samples and data are collected in strict accordance with relevant operating procedures at all stages and comply with the laboratory operating standards. This data contains two fields: Field 1: The time AD. Field 2: The oxygen isotope ‰.
2019-09-12 5734 219
The data set records the merchandise exports and imports of 1960-2017 countries along 65 countries along the belt and road. Merchandise imports show the c.i.f. value of goods received from the rest of the world valued in current U.S. dollars.Merchandise exports show the f.o.b. value of goods offered to the rest of the world valued in current U.S. dollars.Data sources:The data on total imports of goods (merchandise) are from the World Trade Organization (WTO), which obtains data from national statistical offices and the IMF's International Financial Statistics, supplemented by the Comtrade database and publications or databases of regional organizations, specialized agencies, economic groups, and private sources (such as Eurostat, the Food and Agriculture Organization, and country reports of the Economist Intelligence Unit). The data set contains 2 tables: Merchandise imports (current US$),Merchandise exports (current US$).
2020-05-14 2515 240
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced in a period of time, which has been used to determine the economic performance of a whole country or region. We have collected the published GDP data. Collect the public GDP data. On the basic of 1-kilometer scale global GDP grid data in 2010 released by the United Nations, the total GDP of the node area was obtained. The lighting data and land use data of node areas are took as auxiliary data, after data preprocessing, data interpolation and multiple regression analysis, establish the relationship between GDP and the hundred meter scale multiple data, and then, the GDP data of 34 key node areas are obtained.
2020-03-13 3424 15
From April 2020 to August 2020, sub project 3 collected 51 ear tissue samples of Qinghai fine wool sheep distributed in Haiyan County, Haixi Mongolian and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, 50 blood samples of Oula sheep in Tongde County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, 50 blood samples of yak in Tongde County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, 60 blood samples of Haidong donkey in Datong Hui and Tu Autonomous County, Xining City, and tissue samples A total of 211 copies. At the same time, the information of body length, body height, weight, age and gender, as well as the data of economic traits such as litter size, wool fineness and wool length were recorded. The individual photos were taken, and the information of feeding mode and epidemic situation were obtained through questionnaire survey.
2020-12-29 3016 5
This dataset contains the flux measurements from the large aperture scintillometer (LAS) at Huailai station. There were two types of LASs: German BLS450 and zzLAS. The observation periods were from January 1 to December 31, 2018. The site ( (north: 115.7825° E, 40.3522° N; south: 115.7880° E, 40.3491° N) was located in the Donghuahuan town of Huailai city, Hebei Province. The elevation is 480 m. The underlying surface between the two towers contains mainly maize. The effective height of the LASs was 14 m; the path length was 1870 m. Data were sampled at 1 min intervals. Raw data acquired at 1 min intervals were processed and quality-controlled. The data were subsequently averaged over 30 min periods. The main quality control steps were as follows. (1) The data were rejected when Cn2 was beyond the saturated criterion. (2) Data were rejected when the demodulation signal was small. (3) Data were rejected within 1 h of precipitation. (4) Data were rejected at night when weak turbulence occurred (u* was less than 0.1 m/s). The sensible heat flux was iteratively calculated by combining with meteorological data and based on Monin-Obukhov similarity theory. There were several instructions for the released data. (1) The data were primarily obtained from BLS450 measurements; missing flux measurements from the BLS450 were filled with measurements from the zzLAS. Missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) The dataset contained the following variables: data/time (yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss), the structural parameter of the air refractive index (Cn2, m-2/3), and the sensible heat flux (H_LAS, W/m^2). (3) In this dataset, the time of 0:30 corresponds to the average data for the period between 0:00 and 0:30; the data were stored in *.xls format. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red. For more information, please refer to Guo et al. (2020) (for sites information), Liu et al. (2013) (for data processing) in the Citation section.
2021-01-08 5341 32
The data recorded one belt, one road, 65 countries, 1990-2017 years of labor force. The labor force includes people aged 15 and over who provide labor for the production of goods and services in a specific period of time. It includes those who are currently employed and those who are unemployed but seeking work, as well as first-time job seekers. Data source: according to the data of the ILO, the ILO and the world bank population estimates. Labor data retrieved in September 2018. The data set reflects one belt, one road, the state of labor resources in the countries along the route, and is also an important part of the basic national conditions, and is also one of the important bases for formulating economic and social development strategies.
2020-04-24 1767 202
This dataset includes the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), fractional vegetation cover (FVC), vegetation net primary productivity (NPP), grassland biomass, forest stock volume and vegetation parameter remote sensing products of key areas in the Qilian Mountains from May 2021 to October 2021, with a spatial resolution of 8m . This dataset uses remote sensing data sources such as Gaofen-1, Gaofen-6, Sentinel, and Resource-3, combined with basic data such as meteorology and ground monitoring, and uses the band ratio method, mixed pixel decomposition model, CASA model and other vegetation parameters to reflect Algorithms and models are used to generate remote sensing products of monthly vegetation indices in key areas of Qilian Mountains during the growing season. This dataset provides data support for the diagnosis of regional ecological environment problems and dynamic assessment of the ecological environment by constructing a high-resolution satellite-based ecological environment monitoring dataset with high spatial and temporal resolution.
2022-06-07 186 16
The dataset of leaf area index in the middle and lower Heihe River Basin at the north of Qilian Mountains (2001-2015) is stimulated by the Hydrological-Ecological Integrated watershed Flow Model (HEIFLOW). HEIFLOW is a three-dimensional distributed eco-hydrological coupling model, integrating the Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) with the Modular Groundwater Flow Model (MODFLOW) and several ecological modules, which can completely describe the hydrological cycle and vegetation ecological process of the basin. For the modeling details of generating this data, please refer to Han et al. (2021), and for the technical details of HEIFLOW model, please refer to Han et al. (2021), Tian et al. (2018), and sun et al. (2018)
2022-01-28 760 3
This data originates from the National Geographic Information Resources Catalogue Service System, which was provided free to the public by the National Basic Geographic Information Center in November 2017. We have spliced and cut the source of the three rivers as a whole, so as to facilitate the use of the study of the source area of the three rivers. The data trend is 2015. This data set includes 1:250,000 natural place names (AANP) in Sanjiangyuan area, including traffic element names, memorial sites and historic sites, mountain names, water system names, marine geographical names, natural geographical names, etc. Natural Place Name Data (AANP) Attribute Item Names and Definitions: Attribute Item Description Fill in Example NAME Name Ramsay Laboniwa PINYIN Chinese Pinyin Lamusailabaoniwa CLASS Toponymic Classification Code HB
2019-09-15 6457 339
China's second glacier inventory uses the high-resolution Landsat TM/ETM+ remote sensing satellite data as the main glacier boundary data source and extracts the data source with the latest global digital elevation model, SRTM V4, as the glacier attribute, using the current international ratio threshold segmentation method to extract the glacier boundary in bare ice areas. The ice ridge extraction algorithm is developed to extract the glacier ice ridge, and it is used for the segmentation of a single glacier. At the same time, the international general algorithm is used to calculate the glacier attributes, so that the vector data and attribute data that contain the glacier information of the main glacier regions in west China are obtained. Compared with some field GPS field measurement data and higher resolution remote sensing images (such as from QuickBird and WorldView), the glacial vector data in the second glacier inventory data set of China have higher positioning accuracy and can meet the requirements for glacial data in national land, water conservancy, transportation, environment and other fields. Glacier inventory attributes: Glc_Name, Drng_Code, FCGI_ID, GLIMS_ID, Mtn_Name, Pref_Name, Glc_Long, Glc_Lati, Glc_Area, Abs_Accu, Rel_Accu, Deb_Area, Deb_A_Accu, Deb_R_Accu, Glc_Vol_A, Glc_Vol_B, Max_Elev, Min_Elev, Mean_Elev, MA_Elev, Mean_Slp, Mean_Asp, Prm_Image, Aux_Image, Rep_Date, Elev_Src, Elev_Date, Compiler, Verifier. For a detailed data description, please refer to the second glacier inventory data description.
2020-07-29 69060 1624
Data Set of Key Elements of Desertification in Typical Watershed of Central and Western Asia includes four parts: distribution and change of agricultural land of Amu River Basin, distribution and change of grassland of Amu River Basin, distribution and change of shrub land of Amu River Basin, distribution and change of forests of Amu River Basin. the spatial resolution of data is 30 m. All the data is based on Landsat TM/ETM image data in 1990, 2000 and 2010. The data produced by the key laboratory of remote sensing and GIS, Xinjiang institute of ecology and geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Data production Supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Grant No. XDA20030101.
2022-04-18 2482 20
This dataset contains the flux measurements from the Zhangye wetland station eddy covariance system (EC) in the midstream reaches of the Heihe integrated observatory network from January 1 to December 31 in 2019. The site (100.44640° E, 38.97514° N) was located in the Zhangye City in Gansu Province. The elevation is 1460 m. The EC was installed at a height of 5.2 m, and the sampling rate was 10 Hz. The sonic anemometer faced north, and the separation distance between the sonic anemometer and the CO2/H2O gas analyzer (Gill&Li7500A) was 0.25 m. The raw data acquired at 10 Hz were processed using the Eddypro post-processing software, including the spike detection, lag correction of H2O/CO2 relative to the vertical wind component, sonic virtual temperature correction, coordinate rotation (2-D rotation), corrections for density fluctuation (Webb-Pearman-Leuning correction), and frequency response correction. The EC data were subsequently averaged over 30 min periods. The observation data quality was divided into three classes according to the quality assessment method of stationarity (Δst) and the integral turbulent characteristics test (ITC): class 1-3 (high quality), class 4-6 (good), class 7-8 (poor, better than gap filling data), class9 (rejected). In addition to the above processing steps, the half-hourly flux data were screened in a four-step procedure: (1) data from periods of sensor malfunction were rejected; (2) data collected before or after 1 h of precipitation were rejected; (3) incomplete 30 min data were rejected when the missing data constituted more than 3% of the 30 min raw record. There were 48 records per day, and the missing data were replaced with -6999. Suspicious data were marked in red. Flux data during February 20 to March 11, March 23 to April 11, and May 17 to June 5, 201 were missing to the power loss. The released data contained the following variables: data/time, wind direction (Wdir, °), wind speed (Wnd, m/s), the standard deviation of the lateral wind (Std_Uy, m/s), virtual temperature (Tv, ℃), H2O mass density (H2O, g/m3), CO2 mass density (CO2, mg/m3), friction velocity (ustar, m/s), stability (z/L), sensible heat flux (Hs, W/m2), latent heat flux (LE, W/m2), carbon dioxide flux (Fc, mg/ (m2s)), quality assessment of the sensible heat flux (QA_Hs), quality assessment of the latent heat flux (QA_LE), and quality assessment of the carbon flux (QA_Fc). In this dataset, the time of 0:30 corresponds to the average data for the period between 0:00 and 0:30; the data were stored in *.xls format. Detailed information can be found in the suggested references. For more information, please refer to Liu et al. (2018) (for sites information), Liu et al. (2011) for data processing) in the Citation section.
2020-06-11 6504 212
This dataset includes data recorded by the Heihe integrated observatory network obtained from the automatic weather station (AWS) at the observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Huazhaizi desert steppe station from January 1 to December 31, 2018. The site (100.3201°E, 38.7659°N) was located on a desert steppe surface in the Huazhaizi, which is near Zhangye city, Gansu Province. The elevation is 1731 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP45AC; 5 and 10 m, north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 5 and 10 m, north), air pressure (CS100; 2 m), rain gauge (TE525M; 10 m), four-component radiometer (CNR1; 6 m, south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, south, vertically downward), soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates, -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109ss-L; 0, -0.02, -0.04, -0.1, -0.2, -0.4, -0.6, -1.0 m), soil moisture profile (ML3; -0.02, -0.04, -0.1, -0.2, -0.4, -0.6, -1.0 m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_5 m and Ta_10 m; RH_5 m and RH_10 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_5 m and Ws_10 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_5 m and WD_10 m) (°), air pressure (press) (hpa), precipitation (rain) (mm), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_0 cm, Ts_2 cm, Ts_4 cm, Ts_10 cm, Ts_20 cm, Ts_40 cm, Ts_60 cm, Ts_100 cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_2 cm, Ms_4 cm, Ms_10 cm, Ms_20 cm, Ms_40 cm, Ms_60 cm, Ms_100 cm) (%). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. Due to the malfunction of soil moisture sensor, data during 1.1-1.7, 8.22-8.31, and 9.4-9.12 were missing; (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018-6-10 10:30. (6) Finally, the naming convention was AWS+ site no. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red. For more information, please refer to Liu et al. (2018) (for sites information), Liu et al. (2011) for data processing) in the Citation section.
2020-07-25 8825 210