Data set of solar radiation at Qomolangma, China (2007-2020)

Global solar radiation at Qomolangma station (The Tibetan Plateau) is measured by radiation sensor (pyranometers CM22, Kipp & Zonen Inc., The Netherlands), and water vapor pressure (hPa) at the ground is measured by HMP45C-GM (Vaisala Inc., Vantaa, Finland). This dataset includes hourly solar radiation and its absorbing and scattering losses caused by the absorbing and scattering atmospheric substances (MJ m-2, 200-3600 nm), and the albedos at the top of the atmosphere and the surface. The above solar radiations are calculated by using an empirical model of global solar radiation (Bai, J.; Zong, X.; Ma, Y.; Wang, B.; Zhao, C.; Yang, Y.; Guang, J.; Cong, Z.; Li, K.; Song, T. 2022. Long-Term Variations in Global Solar Radiation and Its Interaction with Atmospheric Substances at Qomolangma. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 19, 8906. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19158906). The observed global solar radiation and meteorological variables are available at https://data.tpdc.ac.cn/zh-hans/data/b9ab35b2-81fb-4330-925f-4d9860ac47c3/. The data set can be used to study solar radiation and its attenuation at Qomolangma region.

0 2022-08-14

The glacier inventory of Qilian Mountain Area (v3.0, 2019)

This dataset contains the glacier outlines in Qilian Mountain Area in 2019. The dataset was produced based on classical band ratio criterion and manual editing. Chinese GF series images collected in 2019 were used as basic data for glacier extraction. Sentinel-2 images, Google images and Map World images were employed as reference data for manual adjusting. The dataset was stored in SHP format and attached with the attributions of coordinates, glacier ID and glacier area. Consisting of 1 season, the dataset has a spatial resolution of 2 meters. The accuracy is about 1 pixel (±2 meter). The dataset directly reflects the glacier distribution within the Qilian Mountain in 2019, and can be used for quantitative estimation of glacier mass balance and the quantitative assessment of glacier change’s impact on basin runoff.

0 2022-06-13

Thickness of Xiaodongkemadi glacier (2021)

1) The data included the thickness, coordinates and elevation of Xiaodongkemadi glacier and was measured from July 26 to 28, 2021; 2) The data was measured by the ground penetrating radar with working frequency of 100MHz developed by China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research. The thickness of the glacier was obtained through the processing and analysis of the radar echo image. The dielectric constant of the ice was 3.2, and the coordinates and elevation of the measuring points were measured by the RTK system; 3) The data can be used to study the changes of glacier thickness, mass balance , runoff and so on.

0 2022-06-10

High resolution surface morphology of Kuoqionggangri Glacier (2020-2021)

The dataset includes three high-resolution DSM data as well as Orthophoto Maps of Kuqionggangri Glacier, which were measured in September 2020, June 2021 and September 2021. The dataset is generated using the image data taken by Dajiang Phantom 4 RTK UAV, and the products are generated through tilt photogrammetry technology. The spatial resolution of the data reaches 0.15 m. This dataset is a supplement to the current low-resolution open-source topographic data, and can reflect the surface morphological changes of Kuoqionggangri Glacier from 2020 to 2021. The dataset helps to accurately study the melting process of Kuoqionggangri Glacier under climate change.

0 2022-06-09

The glacier inventory of Qilian Mountain Area(2021)

This dataset contains the glacier outlines in Qilian Mountain Area in 2021. The dataset was produced based on classical band ratio criterion and manual editing. Chinese GF series images collected in 2021 were used as basic data for glacier extraction. Sentinel-2 images, Google images and Map World images were employed as reference data for manual adjusting. The dataset was stored in SHP format and attached with the attributions of coordinates, glacier ID and glacier area. Consisting of 1 season, the dataset has a spatial resolution of 2 meters. The accuracy is about 1 pixel (±2 meter). The dataset directly reflects the glacier distribution within the Qilian Mountain in 2021, and can be used for quantitative estimation of glacier mass balance and the quantitative assessment of glacier change’s impact on basin runoff.

0 2022-06-05

The glacier inventory of Qilian Mountain Area (v2.0, 2020)

This dataset contains the glacier outlines in Qilian Mountain Area in 2020. The dataset was produced based on classical band ratio criterion and manual editing. Chinese GF series images collected in 2020 were used as basic data for glacier extraction. Sentinel-2 images, Google images and Map World images were employed as reference data for manual adjusting. The dataset was stored in SHP format and attached with the attributions of coordinates, glacier ID and glacier area. Consisting of 1 season, the dataset has a spatial resolution of 2 meters. The accuracy is about 1 pixel (±2 meter). The dataset directly reflects the glacier distribution within the Qilian Mountain in 2020, and can be used for quantitative estimation of glacier mass balance and the quantitative assessment of glacier change’s impact on basin runoff.

0 2022-06-05

The glacier inventory of Qilian Mountain Area (v2.0, 2018)

This dataset contains the glacier outlines in Qilian Mountain Area in 2015. The dataset was produced based on classical band ratio criterion and manual editing. Chinese GF series images collected in 2018 were used as basic data for glacier extraction. Sentinel-2 images, Google images and Map World images were employed as reference data for manual adjusting. The dataset was stored in SHP format and attached with the attributions of coordinates, glacier ID and glacier area. Consisting of 1 season, the dataset has a spatial resolution of 2 meters. The accuracy is about 1 pixel (±2 meter). The dataset directly reflects the glacier distribution within the Qilian Mountain in 2018, and can be used for quantitative estimation of glacier mass balance and the quantitative assessment of glacier change’s impact on basin runoff.

0 2022-06-05

Physicochemical properties of glacial snow and ice on the Tibetan Plateau (2015-2020)

From 2015 to 2020, physicochemical properties of glacial snow and ice of NO.15 glacier (NO.15), 24K glacier (24K), Azha glacier(AZ), Cuopugou glacier(CPG), Demula glacier (DML), Dongrongbu glacier (DRB), Dongkemadi glacier (DKMD), Dunde glacier (DD), Guliya glacier (GLY), Hongqi Lapu glacier (HQLP), Kangxiwa River glacier (KXW), Kangwure glacier (KWR), Kuoqionggangri glacier (KQGR), Langadingri glacier (LADR), Mengdagangri glacier (MDGR), Mugagangqiong glacier (MGGQ), Muji glacier (MJ), Mushtag glacier (MSTG), Namunani glacier (NMNN), Nima glacier (NM), Nujiangyuantou (NJYT), Palung 4 glacier (PL4), Qiangtang No.1 glacier (QT), Qiangyong glacier (QY), Quma glacier (QM), Seqila glacier (SQL), Tanggula longxiazailongba glacier (LXZ), Xiagangjiang glacier (XGJ), Yala glacier (YL), Zepugou glacier (ZPG), Zhuxigou glacier (ZXG) on the Tibetan plateau, including DOC The samples were analyzed by 0.45 µm molecular membranes. Samples were filtered through 0.45 micron molecular membranes and tested using a Shimadzu TOC-L instrument, while ion concentrations were measured by ion chromatography. The unit of the indicator is mg/L. "n.a." means below the detection limit of the instrument, and "\" means missing value. Sheet1 in the table is "Physicochemical properties of glaciers and snow ice on the Tibetan Plateau (2015-2020)", and sheet2 is "Basic information of glaciers".

0 2022-05-20

Annual glacier mass balance data on Tibetan Plateau (2020-2021)

Glacial mass balance is one of the most important glaciological parameters to characterize the accumulation and ablation of glaciers. Glacier mass balance is the link between climate and glacier change, and it is the direct reflection of glacier to the regional climate. Climate change leads to the corresponding changes in the material budget of glaciers, which in turn can lead to changes in the movement characteristics and thermal conditions of glaciers, and then lead to changes in the location, area and ice storage of glaciers. The monitoring method is to set a fixed mark flower pole on the glacier surface and regularly monitor the distance between the glacier surface and the top of the flower pole to calculate the amount of ice and snow melting; In the accumulation area, the snow pits or boreholes are excavated regularly to measure the snow density, analyze the characteristics of snow granular snow additional ice layer, and calculate the snow accumulation; Then, the single point monitoring results are drawn on the large-scale glacier topographic map, and the instantaneous, seasonal (such as winter and summer) and annual mass balance components of the whole glacier are calculated according to the net equilibrium contour method or contour zoning method. The data set is the annual mass balance data of different representative glaciers in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and Tianshan Mountains, in millimeter water equivalent.

0 2022-05-06

Palynological data set of Typical Glaciers in Qinghai Tibet Plateau

High resolution pollen records from ice cores can indicate the relationship between seasonal vegetation changes and climate indicators. High resolution sporopollen analysis was carried out on the 32 m ice core sediments of Zuopu ice core in Qinghai Tibet Plateau. 117 SPOROPOLLEN ASSEMBLAGES were obtained. All the data are sporopollen percentage data, which are arranged in order of depth.

0 2022-04-19