Data content: permeability and permeability stability test data of soil materials with different dry densities Data source: the test data orginated from each piezometer, osmometer, stopwatch and measuring cylinder. All instruments are submitted for inspection every year. Collection location and method: seepage Laboratory of Chinese Academy of Water Sciences. Test the dry density according to the gradation and sample preparation thickness. Collection time: August 1, 2020 to August 20, 2020 Data quality description: through the permeability and permeability stability test of piping soil material under different density and grading, the data content includes seepage flow, water head and time. The test data come from various pressure measuring tubes, osmometers, stopwatches and measuring cylinders, which were submitted for inspection every year.
Data content: permeability and permeability stability test data of soil materials with different fine particle amounts Data source: through the seepage and seepage stability test of piping soil material under different density and grading, the data content includes seepage flow, water head and time. Collection location and method: seepage Laboratory of Chinese Academy of water sciences. Test the dry density according to the gradation and sample preparation thickness. Collection time: August 1, 2020 to August 20, 2020 Data quality description: the test data are from various pressure measuring tubes, osmometers, stopwatches and measuring cylinders, and all instruments are submitted for inspection every year.
Data content: statistical analysis data of characteristic laws of large-scale landslide dams based on 1230 worldwide cases Data source: a large database containing 1230 dam cases around the world based on literature retrieval. Collection method: statistical analysis of the basic characteristics of landslide dam database through Excel, origin and other data analysis software and drawing software. Data quality description: Based on the established large-scale dam database, the distribution, inducement, service life, shape, collapse and other characteristics of dams at home and abroad were statistically analyzed. The correlation analysis of some characteristics was carried out, such as the correlation analysis of geological causes and service life of landslide dam, the correlation analysis of inducing factors and geological causes of landslide dam.
Data content: Investigation report on the impact of the discharge flood of the "11.3" Baige landslide-damming lake on the downstream area of the Jinsha River Data source: field survey (route: from the junction of the Baqu River (also known as the Bachu River) in Batang County to the reservoir area of Liyuan reservoir). Data quality description: the disaster situation in the lower reaches of Jinsha River was analyzed from three aspects: damaged bridges, damaged towns (hydrological stations) and ancient barrier lakes. For damaged bridges, record and analyze from the aspects of longitude and latitude, flood mark elevation, bridge deck elevation, bridge type, scouring and destruction, etc were conducted; For damaged towns and hydrologic stations, record and analyze the damage on both banks of the river through visit and investigation were conducted; For the ancient barrier lake, combined with the field investigation and Google Earth map, the formation process of the ancient barrier lake was deduced; For the grading map of pebble and sediment particle size taken by the camera, the pebble particle size in the typical area is generalized into ellipse, and the generalized particle size of pebbles with different sizes was extracted. Finally, the pebble particle size grading curve can be drawn.
Data content: Basic parameter data of dam breach process under different slope conditions Data source: through literature search, classification, consolidation and compilation. Description of data quality: Based on Jiang Xiangang's physical model test on dam breach with different bed slopes, the traceability erosion process of the dam body was analyzed in order to propose a traceability erosion model and explore the influencing factors of the traceability erosion process. In addition, this job attempts to quantify the undercut rate of the breach and the change rate of the downstream slope toe at each time. In order to find the relationship between them and obtain the calculation formula of the downstream slope angle, the calculation of traceability erosion was carried out. This can provide the basis for the calculation and analysis in the later stage of the project.
Data content: Basic data of the Baige landslide dam Data source: literature search, field investigation (Baige dam site), institutional investigation (Ganzi Hydrological Bureau, Chengdu survey, design and Research Institute). Collection method: use camera to take site photos during field investigation; Consult the collection materials of relevant institutions to obtain the basic data of Baige weir plug dam. Data quality description: detailed hydrological data were obtained through institutional investigation, including the data of Batang and Gangtuo hydrological stations and the changes of water level and flow in front of the dam in Ganzi Hydrological Bureau. These data will provide important theoretical basis and reference for further analysis of outburst flood in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
Data content: Damage calculation data of the Zhubalong Bridge Data source: calculation based on the established flood routing model. Collection method: comprehensive analysis through field investigation, literature retrieval and numerical model simulation. Data quality description: by constructing a two-dimensional dam break flood routing calculation model, the flood routing process after the dam break of Baige barrier lake on the "11.03" Jinsha River was simulated. Taking the Zhubalong Bridge in the lower reaches of the Jinsha River as the research object, the damage process of the bridge was explored based on the balance relationship between structural resistance and mountain flood damage force. The damage process of the Zhubalong Bridge in the process of flood routing was clarified, and the calculation formula for estimating the disaster water level of the bridge was obtained.
Data content: Calculation data of bank slope scouring in the lower reaches of the Baige landslide based on flood routing model Data source: Taking the river range of 225 km downstream of Baige dam as the research object, the calculation was based on the constructed flood routing model. Collection method: visit and investigate the disaster situation on the left bank of Zhubalong section of Jinsha River. In order to compare and analyze with the actual investigation results, the 2km section from old bridge at Zhubalong in the Jinsha River to Zhubalong bridge along G318 national highway was intercepted to analyze its flood inundation and riverbed evolution process. Data quality description: Taking the 0-225km long river channel downstream of the Baige barrier lake dam site of Jinsha River as the research area, the routing process of dam break flood is simulated by using the subsection routing method. Through the measured hydrological data of hydrological stations in different river sections, the roughness coefficient of corresponding river sections is calibrated, and the flood routing process of each river section is obtained. On this basis, the 2km section from Zhubalong old bridge on Jinsha River to Zhubalong bridge on G318 national highway is intercepted, and its flood inundation and riverbed evolution process are analyzed. Taking the damaged highway and house scouring erosion from the confluence of Bachu River to Zhubalong section as an example, the analysis, calculation and verification are carried out.
Data content: Calculation and numerical model of overtopping dam failure of landslide dam established based on the breach mechanism (taking the Baige landslide as an example) Data source: numerical model based on Visual Studio code platform. Collection method: Based on the basic parameters of Baige landslide dam, calculation was carried out through the established model. Data quality description: firstly, the dam-break models proposed by previous scholars were compared and analyzed, and then the input parameters required by the Baige dam-break numerical model were substituted for calculation according to the actual Baige dam break process. The breach process simulation of the Baige landslide dam was obtained, and the simulation results were compared with the actual process for verification.
Content: Flow variation data of fine material dam break Data source: the test data are from the dam-breach model test of China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research Collection location and method: China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research. Collect and monitor various data through physical model test. Data quality description: the purpose of this test was to simulate the permeable piping dam break of the dam body, monitor the whole process of the break, and analyze the occurrence and development process of the break. The dam break mode of this test was the dam body permeable piping dam break. The initial piping position was located in the middle of the left side of the dam body. When piping occurs, the water storage height in the model reservoir was 4.6m and the water surface was 0.4m from the dam crest. The dam break process can be divided into seven stages.