This dataset includes the concentration and distribution data of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in the Yarlung Tsangpo River and three major rivers in Hengduan Mountain region. The samples were collected in 2020 and 2021 from 83 locations in four major rivers, including the Yarlung Tsangpo, Nu, Lancang and Jinsha Rivers. The water samples were prepared by solid phase extraction, purification, concentration steps, and then determined by HPLC (ThermoFisher Scientific, USA) coupled to a TSQ Quantiva triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. The target compounds included 10 perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and 3 perfluorinated sulfonic acids (PFSAs). Specifically, perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA), perfluoropentanoic acid (PFPeA), perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA), perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA),perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnDA), perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA) and perfluorotridecanoic acid (PFTrA), perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (PFBS), perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS). In the process of sample pretreatment, isotope labeled recovery standards were added, and the sample recovery was calculated to be between 53% and 96%. Conventional water quality test parameters include temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity, salinity, and dissolved organic carbon. The accuracy of the parameters were 0.1℃, 0.01mg/L, 0.01, 0.1μS/cm, 0.01ppt and 0.01mg/L, respectively. Among them, the dissolved organic carbon was measured by TOC analyzer, and the other water quality parameters were measured by YSI ProPlus portable multi-parameter water quality instrument. This dataset can provide a scientific basis for mapping the spatial distribution of organic pollution over the Tibetan Plateau and assessing the water quality safety of water towers in Asia.
This data includes bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence data from 25 lakes in the middle of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The sample was collected from July to August 2015, and the surface water was sampled three times with a 2.5 liter sampler. The samples were immediately taken back to the Ecological Laboratory of the Beijing Qinghai Tibet Plateau Research Institute, and the salinity gradient of the salt lake was 0.14~118.07 g/L. This data is the result of amplification sequencing. Concentrate the lake water to 0.22 at 0.6 atm filtration pressure μ The 16S rRNA gene fragment amplification primers were 515F (5 '- GTGCCAAGCCGCGGTAA-3') and 909r (5 '- GGACTACHVGGGTWTCTAAT-3'). The Illumina MiSeq PE250 sequencer was used for end-to-end sequencing. The original data was analyzed by Mothur software. The sequence was compared with the Silva128 database and divided into operation classification units (OTUs) with 97% homology. This data can be used to analyze the microbial diversity of lakes in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
This data includes the distribution data of soil bacteria in Namco region of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which can be used to explore the seasonal impact of fencing and grazing on soil microorganisms in Namco region. The sample was collected from May to September 2015, and the soil samples were stored in ice bags and transported back to the Ecological Laboratory of Beijing Institute of Qinghai Tibet Plateau Research; This data is the result of amplification sequencing, using MoBio Powersoil ™ Soil DNA was extracted with DNA isolation kit, and the primers were 515F (5 '- GTGCCAAGCGCCGGTAA-3') and 806R (5'GGACTACNVGGGTWTCTAAT-3 '). The amplified fragments were sequenced by Illumina Miseq PE250. The original data is analyzed by Qiime software, and then the similarity between sequences is calculated, and the sequences with a similarity of more than 97% are clustered into an OTU. The Greengenes reference library is used for sequence alignment to remove the sequence that only appears once in the database. The soil moisture content and soil temperature were measured by a soil hygrometer, and the soil pH was measured by a pH meter (Sartorius PB-10, Germany). The soil nitrate nitrogen (NO3 −) and ammonium nitrogen (NH4+) concentrations were extracted with 2 M KCl (soil/solution, 1:5), and analyzed with a Smartchem200 discrete automatic analyzer. This data set is of great significance to the study of soil microbial diversity in arid and semi-arid grasslands.
Data on soil bacterial diversity of grassland in Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The samples were collected from July to August 2017, including 120 samples of alpine meadow, typical grassland and desert grassland. The soil surface samples were collected and stored in ice bags, and then transported back to the ecological laboratory of the Beijing Qinghai Tibet Plateau Research Institute. The soil DNA was extracted by MO BIO PowerSoil DNA kit. The 16S rRNA gene fragment amplification primers were 515F (5 '- GTGCCAAGCCGGTAA-3') and 806R (5 ´ GGACTACNVGGGTWTCTAAT-3 ´). The amplified fragments were sequenced by Illumina Miseq PE250. The original data is analyzed by Qiime software, and the sequence classification is based on the Silva128 database. Sequences with a similarity of more than 97% are clustered into an operation classification unit (OTU). This data systematically compares the bacterial diversity of soil microorganisms in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau transect, which is of great significance to the study of the distribution of microorganisms in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
This data integrates a variety of current natural geographic map data, and combines land suitability evaluation, crop growth model, scenario analysis and other methods to generate China's biomass resources and energy technology potential on a 1km grid scale from 2015 to 2100, with a temporal resolution of 5 years and a spatial resolution of 1km. The data set includes 3 categories and 11 types of biomass resources (the residues include dry land agricultural residues, paddy field agricultural residues, forest residues, shrub residues, orchard residues and grassland residues, the wastes include livestock manure, MSW and COD, and the energy crops include sweet sorghum and switchgrass), fully covering the types of biomass that can be used as resources. The data format is raster data (. tiff), which can be opened using ArcGIS, R/Python and other programming languages. Biomass is a dependent resource for negative carbon technology in China's carbon neutral technology system in the future. The biomass data developed in this research has three advantages: wide coverage (nationwide), fine spatial resolution (1km grid), and wide time span (2015-2100). It can provide detailed quantitative data for China to formulate low-carbon emission reduction strategies and deploy biomass energy technology strategies.
Monthly average daytime as well as nighttime data of the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) for 354 cities in China. The time range of the data is from January 2012 to December 2021, with a temporal resolution of month-by-month. The spatial resolution is 1 km. The data is mainly based on the MYD07 atmosphere profile dataset and MYD11 land surface temperature dataset provided by MODIS, and incorporates the wind speed provided by ERA5 reanalysis data. The urban boundary is demarcated according to the 2018 data provided by Global Urban Boundary-GUB dataset. All the data are resampled to 1 km, in order to maintain the uniform spatial resolution. With the rapid urbanization and global warming, the data are useful for studying the spatiotemporal patterns of urban thermal comfortable and related analysis.
This data comes from a random questionnaire survey conducted in the one-river-two-river region of Tibet, southeastern Tibet, and Hengduan mountainous area of eastern Sichuan and Tibet during July-August 2020. The data set mainly includes agricultural waste utilization data (straw utilization and livestock and poultry wastes). Utilization methods), straw utilization methods mainly include returning to the field, fuel, feed and compost, and livestock and poultry manure utilization methods mainly include fuel and fertilizer. The interviewees were mainly adults who were familiar with the family situation. In some villages, the output was calculated in small groups. The questionnaire design is based on the principles of scientificity, applicability, feasibility, typicality and specificity, and the "Household Questionnaire" is designed for the above areas. In order to ensure the reliability and validity of the questionnaire design content, the questionnaire was pre-investigated before the formal investigation, and there were problems in further modifying and improving the questionnaire. Before the official start of the questionnaire, the investigators were given the explanation of the content of the questionnaire and the training of investigation skills.
"One belt, one road" along the lines of risk rating, credit risk rating and Moodie's national sovereignty rating reflects the structure of sovereign risk in every country. The rating of Moodie's national sovereignty is from the highest Aaa to the lowest C level, and there are twenty-one levels. Data source: organized by the author. Data quality is good. The rating level is divided into two parts, including investment level and speculation level. AAA level is the highest, which is the sovereign rating of excellent level. It means the highest credit quality and the lowest credit risk. The interest payment has sufficient guarantee and the principal is safe. The factors that guarantee the repayment of principal and interest are predictable even if they change. The distribution position is stable. C is the lowest rating, indicating that it cannot be used for real investment.
In order to study the population evolution history and local adaptive genetic mechanism of the main domesticated equine animals in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas, and to establish the corresponding germplasm genetic resource bank. We sequenced the equine samples collected in Qinghai Province, Tibet Autonomous Region and Xinjiang Autonomous Region from the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and surrounding areas, including Tibetan donkey, plain donkey and other breeds. Sequencing includes denove and resequencing data, which provides data for tracing the historical events of domestication, migration, expansion and other groups of the main equine domesticated animals in the region, and further exploring the adaptation mechanism of equine animals to the harsh environment such as hypoxia, cold, and dryness. At the same time, all tissues of domestic donkeys were sequenced, including hifi genome data and HIC genome data, to prepare for the assembly of complete donkey genome and facilitate subsequent analysis.
This data set is based on the field survey data on farmland production, operation and management in Tibet's one river and two rivers region, Southeast Tibet, Sichuan Tibet East Hengduan Mountain Area in 2020. Sample selection: for the areas of one river and two rivers in Tibet, Southeast Tibet, and Hengduan Mountain Area in East Sichuan and Tibet, first, the typical sampling method is used to determine the sample counties, sample towns, and sample villages; Then, according to the basic situation of farmers, one sample Township and one sample village are selected from each county. Finally, one farmer is randomly selected from each sample village by using the random sampling method. The data set records the basic information of the investigated land, the basic information of the interviewed farmers, including education level, consumption level and other information, agricultural planting area, etc. The data set is the data obtained through field investigation and interview, which can be used to analyze the basic situation of agricultural planting on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and provide a theoretical basis for further improving the countermeasures and suggestions of government support policies.