Equine genome sequencing data (2022)

In order to study the population evolution history and local adaptive genetic mechanism of the main domesticated equine animals in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas, and to establish the corresponding germplasm genetic resource bank. We sequenced the equine samples collected in Qinghai Province, Tibet Autonomous Region and Xinjiang Autonomous Region from the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and surrounding areas, including Tibetan donkey, plain donkey and other breeds. Sequencing includes denove and resequencing data, which provides data for tracing the historical events of domestication, migration, expansion and other groups of the main equine domesticated animals in the region, and further exploring the adaptation mechanism of equine animals to the harsh environment such as hypoxia, cold, and dryness. At the same time, all tissues of domestic donkeys were sequenced, including hifi genome data and HIC genome data, to prepare for the assembly of complete donkey genome and facilitate subsequent analysis.

0 2022-08-10

Genome re sequencing data of main domestic animals (chickens) (2020-2022)

In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of main domesticated animals in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas (Pan third pole area), and clarify its related genetic background. In 2020, we extracted the total DNA from 266 global chicken blood, tissue and other DNA tissue samples, built a database and sequenced the whole genome. At the same time, we downloaded the published chicken genome data, and carried out population analysis of 863 chicken genomes, so as to provide basic data for exploring the historical events of domestication, migration and expansion of domestic chickens in the pan third pole region, and further explore the adaptation mechanism of domesticated animals to harsh environments such as drying. Articles related to this data set have been published. All data in this data set can be downloaded online from fastq, BAM, VCF and SNP files.

0 2022-06-27

Qinghai Tibetan sheep and Qinghai fine wool sheep tissue sample data set (2021)

In order to collect the special germplasm resources of Qinghai Tibet Plateau and excavate the molecular markers affecting the special germplasm resources, individual sheep with excellent ectopic spots were selected for marker assisted selection, propagation and generation breeding according to the genetic marker information, so as to cultivate the families of special germplasm resources. In 2021, this sub project (2019QZKK05010704) widely collected samples of Qinghai Tibetan sheep and Qinghai fine wool sheep in Haibei, Qinghai, and continued to establish and expand the first and second core groups in Ledu agricultural experimental station and Qinghai Sanjiaocheng sheep breeding farm. This data set contains the basic information of 1050 tissue samples, including variety, collection place, collection time, gender, tissue type, preservation method, etc.

0 2022-05-19

Genomic genetic characteristics and germplasm resources data set of Hevea cattle in southern Tibet and its surrounding areas (2021)

In order to analyze the genomic characteristics, domestication, population history, genetic diversity and population differentiation characteristics of large forehead cattle, as well as the genetic basis of excellent meat economic traits of large forehead cattle, this sub project (2019QZKK05010703) investigated the genetic resources of Dulong cattle and Gaofeng cattle in Kunming and Wenshan Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province in 2021, and collected tissue samples of heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney. Provide scientific theoretical reference for the protection, development and utilization of large cattle germplasm resources, and promote the development of high-end beef cattle industry in China. This data set contains individual photos and tissue sample information table, which records basic information such as variety, collection place, collection time, sample type, sampling position and so on.

0 2022-05-19

Phenotypic data of main domestic animals (2022)

In order to integrate the pan third pole domestic chicken data, build the "global domestic chicken genome database (chicken2k)", provide basic data for the international research on the origin, domestication and selection of domestic chickens, and provide scientific guidance for the breeding and improvement of new domestic chicken varieties. In 2022, this sub project cooperated with the Animal Branch of the Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Chinese Academy of Sciences, to apply for the use of genetic samples of domestic animals in Southeast Asia collected and preserved in recent years, and select representative individuals to carry out genetic diversity assessment. This data set contains 224 blood and tissue samples of domestic chickens and Hongyuan chickens from Southeast Asian countries (Laos, Thailand, Myanmar and Vietnam) collected by the Animal Germplasm Resource Bank. This data set contains basic sample information such as sample species, variety, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, which are stored in Excel form.

0 2022-04-15

Phenotypic data of main domestic animals (2021)

In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of main domesticated animals in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas, clarify their related genetic background, and establish the corresponding genetic resource bank. In 2021, we collected a total of 267 samples of blood, heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, muscle, fat, large intestine, small intestine, stomach and testis of large forehead cattle (Dulong cattle) in Yunnan Province. This data set contains basic sample information such as sample species, species, detailed sampling place, gender, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, as well as individual photos. The solid samples are stored in the wildlife germplasm resource bank and Animal Germplasm Resource Bank in Southwest China.

0 2022-01-12

Phenotypic data of main domestic animals in Gansu Qinghai region Jingyuan County, Baiyin City, Gansu Province (2021)

In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of main domesticated animals in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas, clarify their related genetic background, and establish the corresponding genetic resource bank. In May 2021, sub project 3 carried out the investigation and collection of genetic resources of domestic animals in Jingyuan County, Baiyin City, Gansu Province. A total of 156 local Tan sheep ear tissues, 44 goat ear tissues and 25 Tibetan sheep ear tissues were collected, totaling 225. At the same time, the individual's body length, height, weight, date of birth, collection date, age, gender and other information were recorded, individual photos were taken, and the feeding methods, feeding food and other information were obtained by questionnaire survey.

0 2021-12-14

Photos of domestic animals in Qinghai Tibet Plateau (2018-2019)

In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of the main domesticated animals in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas, clarify their genetic background, and establish the corresponding genetic resource database, the undergraduate team collected local animals in Dali, Yunnan, Shangri La, Mangkang, Luqu, Chayu, Changdu, Hetian and Yili regions from 2018 to 2019 The blood or tissue samples of the animals were collected, and the corresponding individual photos were taken at the same time. Each folder contains a set of photos of local domestic animals and a sample information sheet. Photos are stored in JPG format. The information table records the basic sample information such as species, species, detailed sampling place, sample type, collection time, collector and storage method, and stores them in the form of Excel.

0 2021-03-24

Phenotypic data of main domestic animals in Xinjiang and surrounding areas (2020)

In order to describe the distribution pattern of genetic diversity of main domesticated animals in Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas, clarify their genetic background and establish corresponding genetic resource bank. In 2020, a total of 707 blood, tissue and fecal samples from 209 domesticated animals were collected in Ili area of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, including RNA samples of heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney of 12 horses. This data set contains the species, varieties, detailed sampling places, sample types, collection time, collectors, storage methods and other basic sample information of sheep, horses, cattle, dogs, chickens, geese, goats and other species in Yili area of Xinjiang, and is stored in Excel form. This data set also contains the appearance photos of individuals sampled and stored in JPG format.

0 2020-12-31

Phenotypic data of main domestic animals in Gansu Qinghai region (2020)

From April 2020 to August 2020, sub project 3 collected 51 ear tissue samples of Qinghai fine wool sheep distributed in Haiyan County, Haixi Mongolian and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, 50 blood samples of Oula sheep in Tongde County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, 50 blood samples of yak in Tongde County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, 60 blood samples of Haidong donkey in Datong Hui and Tu Autonomous County, Xining City, and tissue samples A total of 211 copies. At the same time, the information of body length, body height, weight, age and gender, as well as the data of economic traits such as litter size, wool fineness and wool length were recorded. The individual photos were taken, and the information of feeding mode and epidemic situation were obtained through questionnaire survey.

0 2020-12-29