Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Brief Introduction: Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Number of Datasets: 1208

  • Land cover of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2010)

    Land cover of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2010)

    The dataset is the land cover of Qing-Tibet Plateau in 2010. The data format is a TIFF file, spatial resolution is 300 meters, including crop land, grassland, forest land, urban land, and so on. The dataset offers a geographic fundation for studying the interaction between urbanization and ecological reservation of Qing-Tibet Plateau. This land cover data is a product of CCI-LC project conducted by European Space Agency. The coordinate reference system of the dataset is a geographic coordinate system based on the World Geodetic System 84 reference ellipsoid. There are 22 major classes of land covers. The data were generated using multiple satellite data sources, including MERIS FR/RR, AVHRR, SPOT-VGT, PROBA-V. Validation analysis shows the overall accuracy of the dataset is more than 70%, but it varies with locations and land cover types.

    2022-04-18 1989 205

  • The dataset of OC and BC/EC in TIbetan Plateau and surrounding areas (2013-2019)

    The dataset of OC and BC/EC in TIbetan Plateau and surrounding areas (2013-2019)

    This dataset includes the concentrations and spatial pattern of organic carbon (OC) and Elemental carbon (EC) in the carbonaceous aerosol (CA) of the Tibetan Plateau and surroundings. OC and EC were measured by Desert Research Institute Model 2001 Thermal/Optical Carbon Analyzer. The limit of detection (LOD) for OC and EC were 0.43 and 0.12 ug/cm2, respectively. In addition, MAC was also calculated for assessing the effect of EC. This dataset will provide the informations of CA contamination and background values over the Tibetan Plateau and surroundings.

    2022-04-18 1704 194

  • 1-km monthly precipitation dataset for China (1901-2020)

    1-km monthly precipitation dataset for China (1901-2020)

    This dataset includes the monthly precipitation data with 0.0083333 arc degree (~1km) for China from Jan 1901 to Dec 2020. The data form belongs to NETCDF, namely .nc file. The unit of the data is 0.1 mm. The dataset was spatially downscaled from CRU TS v4.02 with WorldClim datasets based on Delta downscaling method. The dataset was evaluated by 496 national weather stations across China, and the evaluation indicated that the downscaled dataset is reliable for the investigations related to climate change across China. The dataset covers the main land area of China, including Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan regions, and excluding islands and reefs in South China Sea.

    2022-04-18 37107 4585

  • The water level observation of lakes on the Tibetan Plateau (2010-2017)

    The water level observation of lakes on the Tibetan Plateau (2010-2017)

    The water level observation data set of lakes on the Tibetan Plateau contains the daily variations of water levels for three lakes: Zhari Namco, Bamco and Dawaco. The lake water level was obtained by a HOBO water level gauge (U20-001-01) installed on the lakeshore, then corrected using the barometer installed on the shore or pressure data of nearby weather stations, and then the real water level changes were obtained. The accuracy was less than 0.5 cm. The items of this data set are as follows: Daily variation data of water level in Zhari Namco from 2009 to 2014; Daily variation data of water level in Bamco from 2013 to 2014; Daily variation data of water level in Dawaco from 2013 to 2014. Water level, unit: m.

    2022-04-18 4145 340

  • Seismic Zonation Map of Western Asia (1960-2019)

    Seismic Zonation Map of Western Asia (1960-2019)

    We compiled the Seismic Zonation Map of Western Asia using the ArcGIS platform through data collecting and digitization. The Seismic Zonation map of Western Asia covers Iran and its surrounding countries and regions. Based on the “Major active faults of Iran” map, the map is replenished with massive published data and depicts the location and nature of the seisogenic faults or active faults and the epicenter of earthquakes with M ≥ 5 from 1960 to 2019. The zonation map shows the mean values of peak ground acceleration (PGA) with 10% probability of being exceeded in 50 years. The two maps can not only be used in the research of active faults and seismic risks in Western Asia, but also will be applied to the seismic safety evaluation for infrastructure construction.

    2022-04-18 2639 201

  • Spatial distribution of Active Layer Thickness and Soil Freeze Depth in Qilian Mountain

    Spatial distribution of Active Layer Thickness and Soil Freeze Depth in Qilian Mountain

    The widely definition of seasonally frozen ground include seasonally frozen layer (seasonally frozen ground regions) and seasonally thaw layer (active layer in permafrost regions). So the area extent of seasonally frozen ground occupied more than 80% land surface over Northern Hemisphere. Soil freeze/thaw cycle is one special character of seasonally frozen ground, which covers area extent, depth, time duration, variation of soil freeze/thaw. These changes in seasonally frozen ground have substantial impacts on energy, water and carbon exchange between the atmosphere and the land surface, surface and sub-surface hydrologic processes, vegetation growth, the ecosystem, carbon dioxide cycle, agriculture, and engineering constructuion, as a whole.Based on the observations from sites, CRU air temperature, we used the Stefan solution to calculate the spatial distribution of active layer thickness and soil freeze depth during 1971-2000. These results are helpful to further study the physical mechanism between seasonally frozen ground and climate change, eco-hydrology process.

    2022-04-18 1654 218

  • Basic geographic dataset of resources and environment in Central and Western Asia Region

    Basic geographic dataset of resources and environment in Central and Western Asia Region

    Basic Geographic Data Set of Resources and Environment in Central and Western Asia Region, includes six parts: administrative divisions map, topographic and geomorphological map, river system maps, precipitation map, temperature map and potential evapotranspiration map. The precipitation and temperature datasets are interpolated based on the ground observations, while the potential evapotranspiration dataset is calculated based on the Penman-Monteith equation. The precipitation, temperature and potential evapotranspiration datasets are resampled from the original 0.5° CRU dataset by using the linear interpolation method in ArcGIS software. This dataset is made based a large number of gauge observations with good quality control and homogeneity check. The results of the related studies (Deng and Chen, 2017; Li et al., 2017; Li et al., 2016) suggested that this dataset is applicable and satisfactory for the climatological studies. The data produced by the key laboratory of remote sensing and GIS, Xinjiang institute of ecology and geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Data production Supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Grant No. XDA20030101.

    2022-04-18 3020 244

  • Socio-demographic data of five Central Asian Countries (1991-2017)

    Socio-demographic data of five Central Asian Countries (1991-2017)

    The data set records the total socio-demographic data of five central Asian countries from 1991 to 2017.Population indicators including annual population, estimated life expectancy, total fertility rate (1000 people), and total mortality (1000 people), infant mortality, maternal mortality, the total marriage rates, the overall divorce rate, migration of all flow balance, the number of medical institutions, hospital beds (m), the number of preschool institutions (a), kindergarten school student number (m) number, number of middle school, high school students (m), the number of the university, the number of students, institutions of higher learning, the number of students of institutions of higher learning.The data are from the statistical yearbooks of five central Asian countries.

    2022-04-18 6763 21

  • Monthly temperature grid data set of Qinghai Tibet Plateau (2000-2015)

    Monthly temperature grid data set of Qinghai Tibet Plateau (2000-2015)

    The Qinghai Tibet Plateau belongs to the plateau mountain climate. The temperature and its seasonal variation have been one of the hot spots in the global climate change research. The data includes the temperature data of Qinghai Tibet Plateau, with spatial resolution of 1km * 1km, temporal resolution of month and year, and time coverage of 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The data are obtained by Kring interpolation on the data of national weather station in Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The data can be used to analyze the temporal and spatial distribution of air temperature in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. In addition, the data can also be used to analyze the law of temperature change with time in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which is of great significance to the study of the ecological environment of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.

    2022-04-18 2347 237

  • Grassland actual net primary production, potential net primary production and potential aboveground biomass on the Tibetan Plateau from 2000 to 2017

    Grassland actual net primary production, potential net primary production and potential aboveground biomass on the Tibetan Plateau from 2000 to 2017

    Grassland actual net primary production (NPPa) was calculated by CASA model. CASA model was calculated with the combination of satellite-observed NDVI and climate (e.g. temperature, precipitation and radiation) as the driving factors, and other factors, such as land-use change and human harvest from plant material, were reflected by the changes of NDVI. CASA NPP was determined by two variables, absorbed photosynthetically active radiation’ (APAR) and the light-use efficiency (LUE). Grassland potential net primary production (NPPp) was calculated by TEM model. TEM is one of process-based ecosystem model, which was driven by spatially referenced information on vegetation type, climate, elevation, soils, and water availability to calculate the monthly carbon and nitrogen fluxes and pool sizes of terrestrial ecosystems. TEM can be only applied in mature and undisturbed ecosystem without take the effects of land use into consideration due to it was used to make equilibrium predications. Grassland potential aboveground biomass (AGBp) was estimated by random forest (RF) algorithm, using 345 AGB observation data in fenced grasslands and their corresponding climate data, soil data, and topographical data.

    2022-04-18 1760 0

  • Earthquake catalogue with M≥6 in Pan-TPE since 1960

    Earthquake catalogue with M≥6 in Pan-TPE since 1960

    The Pan-Third Polar region has strong seismic activity, which is driven by the subduction and collision of the Indian plate, the Arab plate and the Eurasian plate. 3809 earthquakes with Magnitude 6 or larger have occurred in Pan-Third Polar region (north latitude 0-56 degrees and east longitude 43-139 degrees) since 1960. Among them, 59 earthquakes with Magnitude 8 or larger, 689 earthquakes with Magnitude 7.0-7.9 and 3061 earthquakes with Magnitude 6.0-6.9 have occurred. Earthquakes occurred mainly in the foothills of the India-Myanmar Mountains, the Himalaya Mountains, the Sulaiman Mountains, where the India Plate collided with the Eurasian plate, and the Zagros Mountains where the Arab plate collided with the Eurasian plate.

    2022-04-18 1727 187

  • Dataset of key elements of desertification in typical watershed of Central and Western Asia (Amu River Basin)

    Dataset of key elements of desertification in typical watershed of Central and Western Asia (Amu River Basin)

    Data Set of Key Elements of Desertification in Typical Watershed of Central and Western Asia includes four parts: distribution and change of agricultural land of Amu River Basin, distribution and change of grassland of Amu River Basin, distribution and change of shrub land of Amu River Basin, distribution and change of forests of Amu River Basin. the spatial resolution of data is 30 m. All the data is based on Landsat TM/ETM image data in 1990, 2000 and 2010. The data produced by the key laboratory of remote sensing and GIS, Xinjiang institute of ecology and geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Data production Supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Grant No. XDA20030101.

    2022-04-18 2384 20

  • Distribution of the average roughness in Central Asia (2017)

    Distribution of the average roughness in Central Asia (2017)

    The data set is the distribution of the average roughness in Central Asia including three temperate deserts, the Karakum, Kyzylkum and Muyunkun Deserts, and one of the world's largest arid zones. This is the MODIS-NDVI data set calculated by using the median particle diameter and the vegetation coverage. The space and time resolutions are 500 m and 16 days, respectively. The time is from 01, January, 2017 to 18, December, 2017. The data set uses the the Geodetic coordinate system. It can be used for the investigation of the Desert oil and gas field, and oasis cities.

    2022-04-18 1844 165

  • Integration dataset of Tibet Plateau boundary

    Integration dataset of Tibet Plateau boundary

    This dataset contains five types of boundaries. 1. TPBoundary_ 2500m: Based on ETOPO5 Global Surface Relief, ENVI+IDL was used to extract data at an elevation of 2500m within the longitude (65~105E) and latitude (20~45N) range in the Tibetan Plateau. 2. TPBoundary_ 3000m: Based on ETOPO5 Global Surface Relief, ENVI+IDL was used to extract data at an elevation of 3000m within the longitude (65~105E) and latitude (20~45N) range in the Tibetan Plateau. 3. TPBoundary_ HF (high_frequency): This boundary is defined according to 2 previous studies. Bingyuan Li (1987) had a systematic discussion on the principles for determining the extent of the Tibetan Plateau and the specific boundaries. From the perspective of the formation and basic characteristics of the Tibetan Plateau, he proposed the basic principles for determining the extent of the Tibetan Plateau based on the geomorphological features, the plateau surface and its altitude, while considering the integrity of the mountain. Yili Zhang (2002) determined the extent and boundaries of the Tibetan Plateau based on the new results of research in related fields and years of field practice. He combined information technology methods to precisely locate and quantitatively analyze the extent and boundary location of the Tibetan Plateau, and concluded that the Tibetan Plateau in China extends from the Pamir Plateau in the west to the Hengduan Mountains in the east, from the southern edge of the Himalayas in the south to the northern side of the Kunlun-Qilian Mountains in the north. On April 14, 2017, the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China issued the Announcement on Adding Geographical Names for Public Use in the Southern Tibetan Region (First Batch), adding six geographical names in the southern Tibetan region, including Wo’gyainling, Mila Ri, Qoidêngarbo Ri, Mainquka, Bümo La, and Namkapub Ri. 4. TPBoundary_ New (2021): Along with the in-depth research on the Tibetan Plateau, the improvement of multidisciplinary research and understanding inside and outside the plateau, and the progress of geographic big data and Earth observation science and technology, the development of the 2021 version of the Tibetan Plateau boundary data by Yili Zhang and et al. was completed based on the comprehensive analysis of ASTER GDEM and Google Earth remote sensing images. The range boundary starts from the northern foot of the West Kunlun Mountain-Qilian Mountain Range in the north and reaches the southern foot of the Himalayas and other mountain ranges in the south, with a maximum width of 1,560 km from north to south; from the western edge of the Hindu Kush Mountains and the Pamir Plateau in the west to the eastern edge of the Hengduan Mountains and other mountain ranges in the east, with a maximum length of about 3,360 km from east to west; the latitude and longitude range is 25°59′30″N~40°1′0″N, 67°40′37″E~104°40′57″E, with a total area of 3,083,400km2 and an average altitude of about 4,320m. Administratively, the Tibetan Plateau is distributed in nine countries, including China, India, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Kyrgyzstan. 5. TPBoundary_ Rectangle: The rectangle was drawn according to the range of Lon (63~105E) and Lat (20~45N). The data are in latitude and longitude projection WGS84. As the basic data, the boundary of the Tibetan Plateau can be used as a reference basis for various geological data and scientific research on the Tibetan Plateau.

    2022-04-18 20103 2390

  • Temperature and precipitation grid data of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas in 1998-2017Grid data of annual temperature and annual precipitation on the Tibetan Plateau and its surrounding areas during 1998-2017

    Temperature and precipitation grid data of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and its surrounding areas in 1998-2017Grid data of annual temperature and annual precipitation on the Tibetan Plateau and its surrounding areas during 1998-2017

    Data description: This dataset includes the grid data of annual temperature and annual precipitation on the Tibetan Plateau from 1998 to 2017. It is the basic data for study of climate change and its impact on the ecological environment. Data source and processing: The meta data was aquired from the temperature and precipitation daily data of China's ground high-density stations (above 2,400 national meteorological stations) based on the latest compilation of the National Meteorological Information Center's basic data. After removing the missing stations, the software's thin plate spline method in ANUSPLIN was used to perform spatial interpolation, in order to generate grid data with spactial resolution of 1 km on the Tibetan Plateau . Data application: This data can be used to indentify the impact of climate change on the ecological environment.

    2022-04-18 9054 851

  • Spatio-temporal change data of Fraction Vegetation Coverage in Central Asia (2010, 2015, 2020)

    Spatio-temporal change data of Fraction Vegetation Coverage in Central Asia (2010, 2015, 2020)

    This dataset includes Fraction Vegetation Coverage (FVC) data for five countries in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) during 2010, 2015 and 2020. The data is calculated from the MODIS-NDVI data set (product number MOD13A2.006) based on the empirical relationship between FVC in arid areas and NDVI. The product has a time resolution of 1 year and a spatial resolution of 1 km. The algorithm selects the best available pixel value based on low cloud, low detection angle and highest NDVI value from all the observation data of the year, and performs conversion.

    2022-04-18 2529 263

  • Downscaled simulated data using CMIP5 optimal models of key nodes in the Belt and Road

    Downscaled simulated data using CMIP5 optimal models of key nodes in the Belt and Road

    Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) provides a multiple climate model environment, which can be used to predict the future climate change in the key nodes in the Belts and Road to deal with the environmental and climate problems. Key nodes in the Belt and Road are taken as the study regions of this dataset. The ability of 43 climate models in CMIP5 to predict the future climate change in the study regions was assessed and the optimal models under different scenarios were selected according to the RMSE between the prediction results and real observations. This dataset is composed of the prediciton results of precipitation and near-surface air temperature between 2006 and 2065 using the optimal models in monthly temporal frequncy. The spatial resolution of the dataset has been downscaled to 10 km using statistical downscaling method. Data of each period has three bands, namely maximum near-surface air temperature, minimum near-surface air temperature and precipitation. In this data set, the unit of precipitation is kg / (m ^ 2 * s), and the unit of near-surface air temperature is K. This dataset provides data basis for solving environmental and climate problems of the key nodes in the Belts and Road.

    2022-04-18 3039 34

  • Geodetic Glacier mass  changes  in Naimo'Nanyi area  in 1974-2000 and 2000-2013 (V1.0)

    Geodetic Glacier mass changes in Naimo'Nanyi area in 1974-2000 and 2000-2013 (V1.0)

    The data involved two periods of geodetic glacier mass storage change of Naimona’Nyi glaciers in the western of Himalaya from 1974-2013 (unit: m w.e. a-1). It is stored in the ESRI vector polygon format. The data sets are composed of two periods of glacier surface elevation difference between 1974-2000 and 2000-2013, i.e. DHSRTM2000-DEM1974(DH2000-1974)、DHTanDEM2013-SRTM2000(DH2013-2000). DH2000-1974 was surface elevation change between SRTM2000 and DEM1974, i.e. the earlier historical DEM (DEM1974, spatial resolution 25m) was derived from 1:50,000 topographic maps in October 1974(DEM1974,spatial resolution 25m). The uncertainty in the ice free areas of DH2000-1974 was ±0.13 m a-1. The surface elevation difference between 2000-2013 (DH2000-2013, by DinSAR techniques from SRTM DEM2000 and TSX/TDX data on Oct.17th in 2013) The uncertainty in the ice free areas of DH2013-2000 was ±0.04 m a-1. Glacier-averaged annual mass balance change (m w.e.a-1) was averaged annually for each glacier, which was calculated by DH2000-1974/DH2013-2000, glacier coverage area and ice density of 850 ± 60 kg m−3. The attribute data includes Glacier area by Shape_Area (m2), EC74_00, EC00_13, i.e. Glacier-averaged surface elevation change in 1974-2000 and 2000-2013(m a-1), MB74_00, MB00_13 i.e. Glacier-averaged annual mass balance in 1974-2000 and 2000-2013 (m w.e.a-1), and MC74_00, MC00_13, Glacier-averaged annual mass change in 1974-2000 and 2000-2013 (m3 w.e.a-1), Uncerty_MB, is the uncertainty of glacier-averaged annual mass balance(m w.e. a-1), Uncerty_MC, is the Maximum uncertainty of glacier-averaged annual mass change(m3 w.e. a-1). The data sets could be used for glacier change, hydrological and climate change studies in the Himalayas and High Mountain Asia.

    2022-04-18 2244 1

  • Dataset of above and underground biomass and soil carbon in Pan-TPE from 2015 to 2017

    Dataset of above and underground biomass and soil carbon in Pan-TPE from 2015 to 2017

    Based on the field survey, the aboveground and underground biomass of vegetation, and soil carbon and nitrogen contents in Nagqu, in the north of Zoige, eastern of Tibet plateau and the wind vacanofrom 2015 to 2017 were collected, and the data were collated and preliminarily analyzed. Dataset consists both of the aboveground and underground biomass of vegetation and soil carbon and nitrogen contents in different elevation gradient (subalpine meadow, alpine meadow, alpine shrub meadow), different moisture gradient (wetland, degraded swamp, swamp meadow, wet meadow, dry meadow and degraded meadow) and the different desertification degree (mild desertification, moderate desertification, severe desertification, desertification). The differences and trends of vegetation biomass and soil carbon and nitrogen contents under different gradients were analyzed. This dataset provides a theoretical basis for understanding and rational utilization of grassland resources, and also provides strong support for exploring the prediction of alpine grassland productivity under the global climate change.

    2022-04-18 3538 372

  • Distribution data of permafrost in the source area of the Yellow River (2013-2015)

    Distribution data of permafrost in the source area of the Yellow River (2013-2015)

    The distribution data of permafrost in the source area of the Yellow River is established based on the annual average ground temperature model of permafrost in the source area of the Yellow River. The annual average ground temperature of 0 ℃ is taken as the standard and boundary for dividing seasonal frozen soil and permafrost. Compared with the available permafrost maps of the source region of the Yellow River (1:3 million) and the permafrost background survey project of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau (1:1 million), the data set is based on the measured data of the Yellow River source area, which has higher consistency with the measured data, and the simulation accuracy of the permafrost distribution map is the highest. The data set can be used to verify the distribution of permafrost in the source area of the Yellow River, as well as to study the frozen soil environment.

    2022-04-18 3909 88