Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Brief Introduction: Pan-third-polar environmental change and green silk road construction

Number of Datasets: 1208

  • Multiyear in-situ L-band microwave radiometry of land surface processes on the Tibetan Plateau (2016-2019)

    Multiyear in-situ L-band microwave radiometry of land surface processes on the Tibetan Plateau (2016-2019)

    This dataset contains measurements of L-band brightness temperature by an ELBARA-III microwave radiometer in horizontal and vertical polarization, profile soil moisture and soil temperature, turbulent heat fluxes, and meteorological data from the beginning of 2016 till August 2019, while the experiment is still continuing. Auxiliary vegetation and soil texture information collected in dedicated campaigns are also reported. This dataset can be used to validate the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) and Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite based observations and retrievals, verify radiative transfer model assumptions and validate land surface model and reanalysis outputs, retrieve soil properties, as well as to quantify land-atmosphere exchanges of energy, water and carbon and help to reduce discrepancies and uncertainties in current Earth System Models (ESM) parameterizations. ELBARA-III horizontal and vertical brightness temperature are computed from measured radiometer voltages and calibrated internal noise temperatures. The data is reliable, and its quality is evaluated by 1) Perform ‘histogram test’ on the voltage samples (raw-data) of the detector output at sampling frequency of 800 Hz. Statistics of the histogram test showed no non-Gaussian Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) were found when ELBAR-III was operated. 2) Check the voltages at the antenna ports measured during sky measurements. Results showed close values. 3) Check the instrument internal temperature, active cold source temperature and ambient temperature. 3) Analysis the angular behaviour of the processed brightness temperatures. -Temporal resolution: 30 minutes -Spatial resolution: incident angle of observation ranges from 40° to 70° in step of 5°. The area of footprint ranges between 3.31 m^2 and 43.64 m^2 -Accuracy of Measurement: Brightness temperature, 1 K; Soil moisture, 0.001 m^3 m^-3; Soil temperature, 0.1 °C -Unit: Brightness temperature, K; Soil moisture, m^3 m^-3; Soil temperature, °C/K

    2022-04-19 3903 261

  • Concentrations of soil POPs in the Tibetan Plateau (2007-2009)

    Concentrations of soil POPs in the Tibetan Plateau (2007-2009)

    This data set is the spatial distribution of soil POPs in the Tibetan Plateau, including OCPs, PCBs, PBDEs and PAHs. Fourty soil samples were taken from remote sites (i.e., away from towns, roads, or other human activity) in 8 soil zones of the Tibetan Plateau in 2007. The samples were collected using a stainless steel hand-held corer.Five cores (0-5 cm), taken over an area of ~100 m2, were bulked together to form one sample. The samples were wrapped in aluminum foil twice and sealed in two plastic bags to minimize the possibility for contamination. All the samples were analyzed at Key Laboratory of Tibetan Environment Changes and Land Surface Processes, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The samples were Soxhlet-extracted, purified on an aluminium/silica column (i.d. 8 mm), a gel permeation chromatography (GPC) column subsequently, and were detected on a gas chromatograph with an ion-trap mass spectrometer (GC-MS, Finnigan Trace GC/PolarisQ) operating under MS–MS mode. A CP-Sil 8CB capillary column (50 m ×0.25 mm, film thickness 0.25 μm) was used for OCPs, PCBs and PBDEs, and a DB-5MS column (60 m ×0.25mm, film thickness 0.25 μm) was used for PAHs. Procedural blanks were prepared. The recoveries ranged from 53% to 130% for OCPs, and 58% to 92% for PAHs. The reported concentrations were not corrected for recoveries.

    2022-04-19 1799 188

  • Relative wetness index dataset in Pan-Third Pole (2011-2015)

    Relative wetness index dataset in Pan-Third Pole (2011-2015)

    Water scarcity,food crises and ecological deterioration caused by drought disasters are a direct threat to food security and socio-economic development. Improvement of drought disaster risk assessment and emergency management is now urgently required. This article describes major scientific and technological progress in the field of drought disaster risk assessment. Drought is a worldwide natural disaster that has long affected agricultural production as well as social and economic activities. Frequent droughts have been observed in the Belt and Road area, in which much of the agricultural land is concentrated in fragile ecological environment. The relative moisture index is the difference between the precipitation in a certain period of time and the potential evapotranspiration in the same period and then divided by the potential evapotranspiration in the same period.The precipitation data comes from the downscaling of the TRMM/GPM satellite precipitation data, and the potential evapotranspiration is estimated using the Thornthwaite method. For detailed algorithm, please refer to "National Standard for Meteorological Drought of China" (GB/T 20481-2017). The data only covers 34 key node areas along the Belt and Road.

    2022-04-19 1390 7

  • Pan-TPE elevation data based on USGS 30 arc-second global elevation data

    Pan-TPE elevation data based on USGS 30 arc-second global elevation data

    The data was obtained from the 30-second global elevation dataset developed by the US Geological Survey (USGS) and completed in 1996. Downloaded the data from the NCAR and UCAR Joint Data Download Center (https://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds758.0/) and redistributed it through this data center. GTOPO30 divides the world into 33 blocks. The sampling interval is 30 arc seconds, which is 0.00833333333333333 degrees. The coordinate reference is WGS84. The DEM is the distance from the sea level in the vertical direction, ie the altitude, in m, the altitude range from -407 to 8752, the ocean depth information is not included here, the negative value is the altitude of the continental shelf; the ocean is marked as -9999, the elevation above the coastline is at least 1; the island less than 1 square kilometer is not considered. In order to facilitate the user's convenience, on the basis of the block data, splice 10 blocks in -10S-90N and 20W-180E without any resampling processing. This data file is DEM_ptpe_Gtopo30.nc

    2022-04-19 2529 248

  • Thematic data on desertification (land desertification, salinization and vegetation degradation) in central Asia (2015)

    Thematic data on desertification (land desertification, salinization and vegetation degradation) in central Asia (2015)

    Thematic data on desertification (land desertification, salinization and vegetation degradation) in Central Asia, includes three parts: Distribution Map of Sandy Land in Central Asia, Distribution Map of Salinized Land in Central Asia and Distribution Map of Land Vegetation Degradation in Central Asia. The spatial resolution of the data is 1km, the time resolution is in 2015. The data produced by the key laboratory of remote sensing and GIS, Xinjiang institute of ecology and geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Data production Supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Grant No. XDA20030101.

    2022-04-19 3068 217

  • A monthly air temperature and precipitation gridded dataset on 0.025° spatial resolution in China during(1951-2011)

    A monthly air temperature and precipitation gridded dataset on 0.025° spatial resolution in China during(1951-2011)

    Gridded climatic datasets with fine spatial resolution can potentially be used to depict the climatic characteristics across the complex topography of China. In this study we collected records of monthly temperature at 1153 stations and precipitation at 1202 stations in China and neighboring countries to construct a monthly climate dataset in China with a 0.025° resolution (~2.5 km). The dataset, named LZU0025, was designed by Lanzhou University and used a partial thin plate smoothing method embedded in the ANUSPLIN software. The accuracy of LZU0025 was evaluated based on three aspects: (1) Diagnostic statistics from the surface fitting model during 1951–2011. The results indicate a low mean square root of generalized cross validation (RTGCV) for the monthly air temperature surface (1.06 °C) and monthly precipitation surface (1.97 mm1/2). (2) Error statistics of comparisons between interpolated monthly LZU0025 with the withholding of climatic data from 265 stations during 1951–2011. The results show that the predicted values closely tracked the real true values with values of mean absolute error (MAE) of 0.59 °C and 70.5 mm, and standard deviation of the mean error (STD) of 1.27 °C and 122.6 mm. In addition, the monthly STDs exhibited a consistent pattern of variation with RTGCV. (3) Comparison with other datasets. This was done in two ways. The first was via comparison of standard deviation, mean and time trend derived from all datasets to a reference dataset released by the China Meteorological Administration (CMA), using Taylor diagrams. The second was to compare LZU0025 with the station dataset in the Tibetan Plateau. Taylor diagrams show that the standard deviation, mean and time trend derived from LZU had a higher correlation with that produced by the CMA, and the centered normalized root-mean-square difference for this index derived from LZU and CMA was lower. LZU0025 had high correlation with the Coordinated Energy and Water Cycle Observation Project (CEOP) - Asian Monsoon Project, (CAMP) Tibet surface meteorology station dataset for air temperature, despite a non-significant correlation for precipitation at a few stations. Based on this comprehensive analysis, we conclude that LZU0025 is a reliable dataset. LZU0025, which has a fine resolution, can be used to identify a greater number of climate types, such as tundra and subpolar continental, along the Himalayan Mountain. We anticipate that LZU0025 can be used for the monitoring of regional climate change and precision agriculture modulation under global climate change.

    2022-04-19 14264 598

  • The representative sequence dataset of surface temperature in the Tibetan Plateau (1951-2006)

    The representative sequence dataset of surface temperature in the Tibetan Plateau (1951-2006)

    This data set contains the temperature anomaly series for each quarter and month of the years from January, 1951 to December, 2006 on the Tibetan Plateau. Based on the “China Homogenized Historical Temperature Data Set (1951–2004) Version 1.0” and the daily average temperature data from 2005 to 2006, the monthly average temperature of 123 sites on the Tibetan Plateau and its neighboring areas were gridded using the Climate Anomaly Method (CAM). Further, the average monthly temperature anomaly sequences from 1951 to 2006 were established using the area weighting factor method. To maximize the use of the observation data, the method using the data at a nearby reference station to correct the short series of the climatic standard values of the air temperature data is emphatically discussed. Reference: Yu Ren, Xueqin Zhang, Lili Peng. Construction and Analysis of Mean Air Temperature Anomaly Series for the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau during 1951-2006. Plateau Meteorology, 2010. The “China Homogenized Historical Temperature Data Set (1951–2004) Version 1.0” and the daily average temperature data from 2005 to 2006 meet the relevant national standards. There are five fields in the monthly temperature anomaly data table. Field 1: Year Field 2: Month Field 3: Number of grids Number of grids included in the calculation Field 4: Number of sites Number of sites included in the calculation Field 5: Monthly Temperature Anomaly Unit °C There are five fields in the year and quarter temperature anomaly data table. Field 1: Year Field 2: Quarter Field 3: Number of grids Number of grids included in the calculation Field 4: Number of sites Explanation: Number of sites included in the calculation Field 5: Temperature anomaly °C In the quarter field: 1. If it is null, it is the annual temperature anomaly 2. DJF: Winter (Last December to this February) temperature anomaly °C 3. MAM: Spring (March-May) temperature anomaly °C 4. JJA: Summer (June-August) temperature anomaly °C 5. SON: Fall (September-November) temperature anomaly °C Data accuracy: the monthly average temperature anomaly to the third decimal places, the annual and quarterly average temperature anomaly to the second decimal places.

    2022-04-19 3653 259

  • Current situation data of agricultural water and soil resources in the Five Central Asia Countries (2000-2015)

    Current situation data of agricultural water and soil resources in the Five Central Asia Countries (2000-2015)

    Current Situation Data of Agricultural Water and Soil Resources in the Five Central Asia Countries from 2000 to 2015 are derived from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) food statistics database. The main elements include: water resources, temperature, soil, fertilization management, biomass, rice cultivation and land use information such as farmland, woodland and grassland. It can be used to support the analysis of the supply and demand situation of agricultural water resources in Central Asia, the study of land resource types and spatial distribution patterns, the study on the characteristics of agricultural land pattern changes, the evaluation of land resources exploitation and utilization degree and the evaluation of land resources quality, etc. It is helpful to understand the potential of agricultural land resources development in Central Asia and ensure the safety of agricultural production in Central Asia.

    2022-04-19 2625 156

  • The monthly mean ground surface temperature in the Qilian Mountains on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (1980-2013)

    The monthly mean ground surface temperature in the Qilian Mountains on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (1980-2013)

    This dataset includes the ground surface temperature in the Qilian Mountains on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during 1980-2013. This dataset was obtained from the ERA-interim reanalysis product. The ERA-interim system includes a 4-dimensional variational analysis (4D-Var). The quality of the data has been improved using the bias correction of satellite data. The spatial resolution of the dataset is 0.125°. The dataset includes the grid data of the ground surface temperature in the Qilian Mountains during the past 30 years, and may provide a basic data for relevant studies such as climatic change, ecosystem succession, and earth system models.

    2022-04-19 2535 170

  • Distribution of the average sand drift potential of Central Asia (2017)

    Distribution of the average sand drift potential of Central Asia (2017)

    The sand drift potential data sets of Central Asia in 2017 is in tif format. It covers five countries in Central Asia, including Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. The sand drift potential is absolutely drift potential, that is, the sum of the flux in all directions, regardless of the direction of the potential. The data was obtained by GLDAS global three-hour assimilation data extraction calculation. The temporal resolution is month, the spatial resolution is 0.25°, and the time range is 2017. This data set can be used as an important reference data for sand storm disaster assessment.

    2022-04-19 2756 169

  • Data set of soil relative humidity index (2011-2015)

    Data set of soil relative humidity index (2011-2015)

    Water scarcity,food crises and ecological deterioration caused by drought disasters are a direct threat to food security and socio-economic development. Improvement of drought disaster risk assessment and emergency management is now urgently required. This article describes major scientific and technological progress in the field of drought disaster risk assessment. Drought is a worldwide natural disaster that has long affected agricultural production as well as social and economic activities. Frequent droughts have been observed in the Belt and Road area, in which much of the agricultural land is concentrated in fragile ecological environment. Soil relative humidity index is one of the indicators to characterize soil drought and can directly reflect the status of crops' available water.

    2022-04-18 4746 92

  • Data products of mixed soil moisture of the Tibetan Plateau (2008-2016)

    Data products of mixed soil moisture of the Tibetan Plateau (2008-2016)

    The data products of mixed soil moisture of the Tibetan Plateau utilize remote sensing observation, in situ measurement and model simulation techniques. In situ soil moisture (SM) observation combines the classification of the Tibetan Plateau climate zone and is used to generate in situ measurements of SM climatology at plateau scales. The resulting in situ SM climatology of the Tibetan Plateau scale is used to scale the SM data simulated by the model, which are then used to scale the SM satellite observations. The climatological-scale satellites and model-simulated SMs are then objectively mixed by applying triple configuration and least square matching. The final mixed SM can replicate SM dynamics in different climate zones, from subhumid areas to semiarid and arid regions of the Tibetan Plateau. - Time resolution: day, starting from 01/05/2008 - Spatial resolution: 0.25° × 0.25° - Data set size: 61 × 121 × 975 - Unit: cm^3 cm^-3 The data quality is open to assessment.

    2022-04-18 2584 217

  • 0.25 degree climate dataset in the northeastern part of the Tibetan Plateau (1957-2009)

    0.25 degree climate dataset in the northeastern part of the Tibetan Plateau (1957-2009)

    The 0.25 Degree climate data set in the northeastern part of the Tibetan Plateau from 1957 to 2009 contains four meteorological elements, which are precipitation, maximum and minimum temperatures, and wind speed. The time resolution is daily. The data set contains 2400 text files, each with precipitation (the 1st column), highest (the 2nd column) and lowest (the 3rd column) temperatures and wind speed (the 4th column). Each file name contains latitude and longitude. Each file represents the four meteorological element values for the corresponding grid point (0.25*0.25 degrees). These data are formed by gridding the observation data of 81 meteorological stations in the northeast of the plateau, considering the change of meteorological conditions with the elevation. The gridding methods and steps are as follows. Download the original daily maximum and minimum temperatures, precipitation, and wind speed from the China Meteorological Data Network (http://data.cma.cn). Then, perform quality control on the data. The principle used is 1) to remove daily precipitations below 0 and greater than 150 mm, daily temperatures below -50 °C and greater than 50 °C and wind speeds below 0 m / s, 2) draw annual sequence precipitation, temperature and wind speed, check for abnormal year-to-year changes, and conduct quality control through station migration records. For data with abnormal changes but with station migration records, the data are segmented by modifying the station name. For example, at Xining Station (52866), abnormal temperature changes occurred in 1996, which was found through records that Xining Station migrated after 1996. Therefore, the records before 1996 are recorded as virtual station 52867 data, and after 1996, the data are still recorded as 52866 stations. If the data change abnormally but there is no station migration record, the abnormally changed data are eliminated, for example, the data from Delingha Station before 1975. Some stations have migration records, but the data do not change abnormally; then, it is assumed that the stations before and after the migration are still in the same climate environment, so there is no change in station name and data record. Interpolation begins after quality control. The method begins with (1) calculating the changes in daily average temperature, precipitation and wind speed as the altitude changes. It is concluded that the temperature decreases with altitude by 4.3 °C/km, and the coefficient of determination R2 is 0.65. In the warm and humid season (from May to September), the average daily precipitation has an insignificant increase with altitude (0.5 mm/km, R2 is 0.1). The average daily precipitation in the cold dry season (from October to April) does not change with altitude. The wind speed also has an insignificant increase with altitude, with an increase rate of 0.4 m/s/km and R2 of 0.1. (2) The spatial interpolation is performed using the Synographic Mapping System (SYMAP, Shepard, 1984) method. In this method, the distance between stations and the angle between surrounding stations are taken into account in interpolation to indicate the density of stations. The distance and angle are integrated into a weight. In addition, the stations that are close and have a large angle between each other are given a large weight. (3) The latitude and longitude of the station, the meteorological element value, the altitude, the rate of change with the altitude, and the weight are considered simultaneously, and the value of the target grid is interpolated. The maximum search range for interpolation is 55 stations around, and the smallest search range is 4 stations around. (4) Integrate the precipitation in the warm and dry seasons to form a precipitation sequence throughout the period. (5) During the method test period, some stations are set aside to check the gridded data. (6) After the verification is passed, all 81 stations are used in the final gridding process and form this set of data sets. Shepard, D. S., 1984: Computer Mapping: The SYMAP interpolation algorithm. Spatial Statistics and Models, G.Gaile and C. Willmot, Eds., Reidel 133-145.

    2022-04-18 2322 181

  • Aboveground biomass data set of temperate grassland in northern China (1993-2019)

    Aboveground biomass data set of temperate grassland in northern China (1993-2019)

    Based on a large number of measured aboveground biomass data of grassland, the temperate grassland types were divided according to the vegetation type map of China in 1980s Based on the Landsat remote sensing data of engine platform, the random forest model of grassland aboveground biomass and remote sensing data was constructed for different grassland types. On the basis of reliable verification, the annual aboveground biomass of grassland from 1993 to 2019 was estimated, and the annual spatial data set of aboveground biomass of temperate grassland in Northern China from 1993 to 2019 was formed. Aboveground biomass is defined as the total amount of organic matter of vegetation living above the ground in unit area. The original grid value has been multiplied by a factor of 100, unit: 0.01 g / m2 (g / m2). This data set can provide a scientific basis for the dynamic monitoring and evaluation of temperate grassland resources and ecological environment in northern China.

    2022-04-18 3895 190

  • Disribution of desert oil-gas fields and oasis cities in Central Asia (2012-2016)

    Disribution of desert oil-gas fields and oasis cities in Central Asia (2012-2016)

    The distribution data of Central Asia desert oil and gas fields are in the form of vector data in ". SHP". Including the distribution of oil and gas fields and major urban settlements in the five Central Asian countries. The data is extracted and cut from modis-mcd12q product. The spatial resolution of the product is 500 m, and the time resolution is 1 year. IGBP global vegetation classification scheme is adopted as the classification standard. The scheme is divided into 17 land cover types, among which the urban data uses the construction and urban land in the scheme. The data can provide data support for the assessment and prevention of sandstorm disasters in Central Asia desert oil and gas fields and green town.

    2022-04-18 1880 157

  • Atmospheric forcing dataset along the Belt and Road (2000-2015)

    Atmospheric forcing dataset along the Belt and Road (2000-2015)

    The atmospheric forcing dataset for along the Belt and Road from 2000 to 2015 comes from CRUNCEP. CRUNCEP is an atmospheric forcing dataset used forcing the land surface models. Specifically, this long time series data set (including temperature, precipitation, temperature, etc.) is used to drive the Community Land Model (CLM) Land Model in the long term. The CRUNCEP is a combination of two existing datasets; the CRU TS3.2 0.5 X 0.5 monthly data covering the period 1901 to 2002 and the NCEP reanalysis 2.5 X 2.5 degree 6-hourly data covering the period 1948 to 2016. The CRUNCEP dataset has been used to force CLM for studies of vegetation growth, evapotranspiration, and gross primary production and for the TRENDY (trends in net land-atmosphere carbon exchange over the period 1980-2010) project, among many other use cases. The CRUNCEP data archived in this dataset is Version 7.

    2022-04-18 1794 178

  • Dataset of agricultural water resources vulnerability in Central Asia (V1.0)

    Dataset of agricultural water resources vulnerability in Central Asia (V1.0)

    In order to investigate the variation characteristics of agricultural water resources vulnerability in Central Asia, an index system was established with 18 indicators from three components, namely exposure, sensitivity and adaptation, according to the scheme of vulnerability assessment. Based on the socio-economic, topography, land cover and soil data, agricultural water resources vulnerability were calculated using the Equal-Weights and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method. Each original raster data is resampled, starting from the upper-left corner of the original grid, and extending to the adjacent right and lower grids in turn, and every four grids (0.5 °) are merged into one grid, taking the median data as the center point value corresponding to four grid of geographic coordinates. The extreme values of the grids could be eliminated. The data sets includes 1992-1996, 1997-2001, 2002-2006, 2007-2011, 2012-2017and 1992-2017with a spatial resolution of 0.5°*0.5°. It is expected to provide basic data support for agricultural water supply and demand, development and utilization analysis in five central Asian countries.

    2022-04-18 1115 181

  • Spectral characteristics of sample plots in typical countries along the belt (2015)

    Spectral characteristics of sample plots in typical countries along the belt (2015)

    Using the Landsat8 OLI images at the summerof 2015, the spectral characteristics of satellite sensors were extracted in the Belt and Road's region. The bands included the band (0.45 - 0.51μm)、band (0.53 - 0.59μm)、band (0.64 - 0.67μm)、band (0.85 - 0.88μm)、band (1.57 - 1.65μm)、band (2.11 - 2.29 μm)、band (10.60 - 11.19 μm)和band (11.50 - 12.51 μm). And the Land cover data of the Belt and Road's region (Version 1.0) (2015) was used to extract the land cover/use at each location. Data includes the format of excel and shp. The data of shp format includes the spatial distribuition and the spectral characteristics of each sampling point.

    2022-04-18 3535 161

  • Thematic data on desertification of Western Asia (1990-2008)

    Thematic data on desertification of Western Asia (1990-2008)

    Thematic data on desertification in Western Asia, includes two parts: Distribution Map of Sandy Land in Western Asia, Distribution Map of Grassland Degradation in Western Asia. The spatial resolution of the data is 30m. The data produced by the key laboratory of remote sensing and GIS, Xinjiang institute of ecology and geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, the spatial resolution of data is 30 m. Data production Supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Grant No. XDA20030101. The map of artificial oasis pattern in Amu river basin is based on Landsat TM and ETM image data in 2015. Firstly, with the help of eCognition software, the object-oriented classification is carried out. Secondly, the classification results are checked and corrected manually.

    2022-04-18 2123 1

  • Distribution of the average vegetation coverage in Central Asia (2017)

    Distribution of the average vegetation coverage in Central Asia (2017)

    The data set is the vegetation coverage in Central Asia including three temperate deserts, the Karakum, Kyzylkum and Muyunkun Deserts, and one of the world's largest arid zones. This is the MODIS-NDVI data set calculated by using the NDVI and the vegetation coverage in arid region. The space and time resolutions are 500 m and 16 days, respectively. The time is from 01, January, 2017 to 18, December, 2017. The data set uses the the Geodetic coordinate system. It can be used for the investigation of the Desert oil and gas field, and oasis cities.

    2022-04-18 5667 194