Tajikistan West Pamir Glacier Meteorological Station (38°3′15″N, 72°16′52″E, 3730m), the station is the Urumqi Desert Meteorological Institute of the China Meteorological Administration and the Tajikistan National Academy of Sciences for Water Issues, Water Energy and Ecology The Institute and the Tajikistan Hydrological and Meteorological Service are jointly constructed. Observation data includes hourly meteorological elements (average wind direction (°), average wind speed (m/s), wind direction at maximum wind speed (°), maximum wind speed (m/s), average temperature (°C), maximum Air temperature (°C), minimum air temperature (°C), average relative humidity (%), minimum relative humidity (%), average atmospheric pressure (hPa), maximum atmospheric pressure (hPa), minimum atmospheric pressure (hPa)). The data period is from December 10, 2020 to October 13, 2021 Meteorological observation data can provide important basic data for studying the relationship between climate change, glaciers and water resources in the West Pamir Mountains, and provide important data for the economic construction of the lower reaches of the Amu Darya River Basin in Tajikistan.
Kara batkak glacier weather station in Western Tianshan Mountains of Kyrgyzstan (42 ° 9'46 ″ n, 78 ° 16'21 ″ e, 3280m). The observational data include hourly meteorological elements (hourly rainfall (mm), instantaneous wind direction (°), instantaneous wind speed (M / s), 2-minute wind direction (°), 2-minute wind speed (M / s), 10 minute wind direction (°), 10 minute wind speed (M / s), maximum wind direction (°), maximum wind speed (M / s), maximum wind speed time, maximum wind direction (°), maximum wind speed (M / s), maximum wind speed time, maximum instantaneous wind speed within minutes) Direction (°), maximum instantaneous wind speed in minutes (M / s), air pressure (HPA), maximum air pressure (HPA), time of maximum air pressure, time of minimum air pressure (HPA), time of minimum air pressure. Meteorological observation elements, after accumulation and statistics, are processed into climate data to provide important data for planning, design and research of agriculture, forestry, industry, transportation, military, hydrology, medical and health, environmental protection and other departments.
1. Data content: air temperature, relative humidity, precipitation, air pressure, wind speed, average total radiation, total net radiation value and daily average water vapor pressure data. 2. Data source and processing method: Observed by American campel high-altitude automatic weather station, air temperature and humidity sensor model HMP155A; wind speed and wind direction model: 05103-45; net radiometer: CNR 4 Net Radiometer four component; atmospheric pressure sensor: CS106; Rain gauge: TE525MM. The automatic weather station automatically collects data every 10 minutes, and collects daily statistical data to obtain daily average weather data. 3. Data quality description: Data is automatically acquired continuously. 4. Data application results and prospects: The weather station is located in the middle of the glacier, and the meteorological data can provide data guarantee for simulating the response of oceanic glacier changes to global climate change in the context of future climate change.
This meteorological data is the basic meteorological data of air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, precipitation, air pressure, radiation, soil temperature and humidity observed in the observation site (86.56 ° e, 28.21 ° n, 4276m) of the comprehensive observation and research station of atmosphere and environment of Qomolangma, Chinese Academy of Sciences from 2019 to 2020. Precipitation is the daily cumulative value. All data are observed and collected in strict accordance with the instrument operation specifications, and some obvious error data are eliminated when processing and generating data The data can be used by students and scientific researchers engaged in meteorology, atmospheric environment or ecology (Note: when using, it must be indicated in the article that the data comes from Qomolangma station for atmospheric and environmental observation and research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (QOMS / CAS))
Based on the long-term observation data of each field station in the alpine network and overseas stations in the pan third polar region, a series of data sets of meteorological, hydrological and ecological elements in the pan third polar region are established; the inversion of data products such as meteorological elements, lake water quantity and quality, aboveground vegetation biomass, glacial and frozen soil changes are completed through enhanced observation and sample site verification in key regions; based on the IOT Network technology, the development and establishment of multi station network meteorological, hydrological, ecological data management platform, to achieve real-time access to network data and remote control and sharing. The data includes the daily meteorological observation data sets (air temperature, precipitation, wind direction and speed, relative humidity, air pressure, radiation and evaporation) of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in 2014-2017 from 17 stations of China Alpine network. The data of the three river sources are missing.
The data set includes meteorological data from the Ngari Desert Observation and Research Station from 2009 to 2017. It includes the following basic meteorological parameters: temperature (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: Celsius), relative humidity (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: %), wind speed (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: m/s), wind direction (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: degrees), atmospheric pressure (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: hPa), precipitation (once every 24 hours, unit: mm), water vapour pressure (unit: kPa), evaporation (unit: mm), downward shortwave radiation (unit: W/m2), upward shortwave radiation (unit: W/m2), downward longwave radiation (unit: W/m2), upward longwave radiation (unit: W/m2), net radiation (unit: W/m2), surface albedo (unit: %). The temporal resolution of the data is one day. The data were directly downloaded from the Ngari automatic weather station. The precipitation data represent daily precipitation measured by the automatic rain and snow gauge and corrected based on manual observations. The other observation data are the daily mean value of the measurements taken every half hour. Instrument models of different observations: temperature and humidity: HMP45C air temperature and humidity probe; precipitation: T200-B rain and snow gauge sensor; wind speed and direction: Vaisala 05013 wind speed and direction sensor; net radiation: Kipp Zonen NR01 net radiation sensor; atmospheric pressure: Vaisala PTB210 atmospheric pressure sensor; collector model: CR 1000; acquisition interval: 30 minutes. The data table is processed and quality controlled by a particular person based on observation records. Observations and data acquisition are carried out in strict accordance with the instrument operating specifications, and some data with obvious errors are removed when processing the data table.
This dataset is derived from the Nagqu Station of Plateau Climate and Environment (31.37N, 91.90E, 4509 a.s.l), Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The ground is flat, with open surrounding terrain. An uneven growth of alpine steppe, with a height of 3–20 cm. The observation time of this dataset is from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2017. The observation elements primarily included the wind speed, air temperature, air relative humidity, air pressure, downward shortwave radiation, precipitation, evaporation, latent heat flux and CO2 flux. The precipitation , evaporation and CO2 flux data are daily cumulative values, and the other variables are daily average values. The observed data are generally continuous, but some data are missing due to power supply failure, and the missing data in this dataset are marked as NAN.
1.The data content: air temperature, relative humidity, precipitation, air pressure, wind speed and vapor pressure. 2. Data sources and processing methods: campel mountain type automatic meteorological station observation by the United States, including air temperature and humidity sensor model HMP155A;Wind speed and direction finder models: 05103-45;The atmospheric pressure sensor: CS106;The measuring cylinder: TE525MM.Automatic meteorological station every ten minutes automatic acquisition data, after complete automatic acquisition daily meteorological data then daily mean value were calculated statistics. 3.Data quality description: automatic continuous access to data. 4.Data application results and prospects: the weather stations set in the upper of the glacier terminal, meteorological data can be used to simulate for predict the future climate change under the background of type Marine glacial changes in response to global climate change research provides data.
The data set contains the meteorological element observation data of jingyangling station in the upper reaches of heihe hydrometeorological observation network on January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2017.The site is located in pass, jingyangling mountain, qilian county, qinghai province.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 101.1160E, 37.8384N and 3750m above sea level.The air temperature and relative humidity sensor is set up at 5m, facing due north.The barometer is installed in the anti-skid box on the ground;The tipping bucket rain gauge is installed at 10m;The wind speed and direction sensor is mounted at 10m, facing due north;The four-component radiometer is installed at 6m, facing due south;Two infrared thermometers are installed at 6m, facing south, with the probe facing vertically downward;The soil temperature probe is buried at the surface of 0cm and underground of 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm, 2m south of the meteorological tower.The soil moisture probe is buried underground at 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm, 2m south of the meteorological tower.The soil heat flow plates (3 pieces) are successively buried 6cm underground, 2m south of the meteorological tower. Observation projects are: air temperature and humidity (Ta_5m, RH_5m) (unit: c, percentage), pressure (Press) (unit: hundred mpa), precipitation (Rain) (unit: mm), wind speed (WS_10m) (unit: m/s), wind (WD_10m) (unit: degrees), the radiation of four component (DR, UR, DLR_Cor, ULR_Cor, Rn) (unit: watts per square meter), the surface radiation temperature (IRT_1, IRT_2) (unit:Soil temperature (Ts_0cm, Ts_4cm, Ts_10cm, Ts_20cm, Ts_40cm, Ts_80cm, Ts_120cm, Ts_160cm) (unit: percent). Processing and quality control of observation data :(1) 144 data per day (every 10min) should be ensured.(2) eliminate the moments with duplicate records;(3) data that obviously exceeds the physical significance or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the part marked with red letters in the data is questionable data;(5) the format of date and time is uniform, and the date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: 2015-9-10 10:30;(6) naming rules: AWS+ site name. For information of hydrometeorological network or site, please refer to Li et al. (2013), and for data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).