This data set is a digital elevation model of the Tibetan Plateau and can be used to assist in analysis and research of basic geographic information for the Tibetan Plateau. The raw data were the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) data, which were provided by Global Land Cover Network (GLCN), and the raw data were framing data , using the WGS84 coordinate system, including latitude and longitude, with a spatial resolution of 3″. After the mosaic processing, the Nodata (null data) generated in the mosaic process were interpolated and filled. After filling, the projection conversion process was performed to generate data as Albers equal area conical projection. After the conversion projection, the spatial resolution of the data was 90 m. Finally, the boundary of the Tibetan Plateau was used for cutting to obtain DEM data. This data table has two fields. Field 1: value Data type: long integer Interpretation: altitude elevation Unit: m Field 2: count Data type: long integer Interpretation: The number of map spots corresponding to the altitude elevation Data accuracy: spatial resolution: 90 m
The DEMs of the typical glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau were provided by the bistatic InSAR method. The data were collected on November 21, 2013. It covered Puruogangri and west Qilian Mountains with a spatial resolution of 10 meters, and an elevation accuracy of 0.8 m which met the requirements of national 1:10 000 topographic mapping. Considering the characteristics of the bistatic InSAR in terms of imaging geometry and phase unwrapping, based on the TanDEM-X bistatic InSAR data, and adopting the improved SAR interference processing method, the surface DEMs of the two typical glaciers above were generated with high resolution and precision. The data set was in GeoTIFF format, and each typical glacial DEM was stored in a folder. For details of the data, please refer to the Surface DEMs for typical glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau - Data Description.
The data set includes meteorological data from the Ngari Desert Observation and Research Station from 2009 to 2017. It includes the following basic meteorological parameters: temperature (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: Celsius), relative humidity (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: %), wind speed (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: m/s), wind direction (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: degrees), atmospheric pressure (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: hPa), precipitation (once every 24 hours, unit: mm), water vapour pressure (unit: kPa), evaporation (unit: mm), downward shortwave radiation (unit: W/m2), upward shortwave radiation (unit: W/m2), downward longwave radiation (unit: W/m2), upward longwave radiation (unit: W/m2), net radiation (unit: W/m2), surface albedo (unit: %). The temporal resolution of the data is one day. The data were directly downloaded from the Ngari automatic weather station. The precipitation data represent daily precipitation measured by the automatic rain and snow gauge and corrected based on manual observations. The other observation data are the daily mean value of the measurements taken every half hour. Instrument models of different observations: temperature and humidity: HMP45C air temperature and humidity probe; precipitation: T200-B rain and snow gauge sensor; wind speed and direction: Vaisala 05013 wind speed and direction sensor; net radiation: Kipp Zonen NR01 net radiation sensor; atmospheric pressure: Vaisala PTB210 atmospheric pressure sensor; collector model: CR 1000; acquisition interval: 30 minutes. The data table is processed and quality controlled by a particular person based on observation records. Observations and data acquisition are carried out in strict accordance with the instrument operating specifications, and some data with obvious errors are removed when processing the data table.
Chinese Cryospheric Information System is a comprehensive information system for the management and analysis of Chinese Cryospheric data. The establishment of Chinese Cryospheric Information System is to meet the needs of earth system science, to provide parameters and validation data for the development of response and feedback model of frozen soil, glacier and snow cover to global change under GIS framework; on the other hand, it is to systemically sort out and rescue valuable cryospheric data, to provide a scientific, efficient and safe management and division for it Analysis tools. The basic datasets of the Tibet Plateau mainly takes the Tibetan Plateau as the research region, ranging from longitude 70 -- 105 ° east and latitude 20 -- 40 ° north, containing the following types of data: 1. Cryosphere data. Includes: Permafrost type (Frozengd), (Fromap); Snow depth distribution (Snowdpt) Quatgla (Quatgla) 2. Natural environment and resources. Includes: Terrain: elevation, elevation zoning, slope, slope direction (DEM); Hydrology: surface water (Stram_line), (Lake); Basic geology: Quatgeo, Hydrogeo; Surface properties: Vegetat; 4. Climate data: temperature, surface temperature, and precipitation. 3. Socio-economic resources (Stations) : distribution of meteorological Stations on the Tibetan Plateau and it surrounding areas. 4. Response model of plateau permafrost to global change (named "Fgmodel"): permafrost distribution data in 2009, 2049 and 2099 were projected. Please refer to the following documents (in Chinese): "Design of Chinese Cryospheric Information System.doc", "Datasheet of Chinese Cryospheric Information System.DOC", "Database of the Tibetan Plateau.DOC" and "Database of the Tibetan Plateau 2.DOC".
The data set contains the surface elevation structure data in Tibet from 1988 to 1994, including the proportions of land area at different altitudes in each year of the total land area in Tibet. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and the Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbook. The table contains 3 fields. Field 1: Year Interpretation: Year of the data Field 2: Altitude Unit: m Field 3: The proportion in land area of Tibet %
This data set contains the daily values of water temperature and water level change in Ranwu Lake in Tibet from May 15, 2009, to December 31, 2016. Observation instrument model: an automatic HOBO water level and temperature logger U20-001-01; acquisition time: 30 minutes. The data were collected automatically. The observations and data collection were performed in strict accordance with the instrument operating specifications, and the data have been published in relevant academic journals. Data with obvious errors were removed, and the missing data were replaced by null values. Data collection location: Ranwu Lake, southeast Tibet Middle lake outlet: longitude: 96°46'16"; latitude: 29°29'28"; elevation: 3928 m. Lower Lake outlet: longitude: 96°38'52"; latitude: 29°28'52"; elevation: 3923 m. Laigu upper Lake: longitude: 94°49'49"; latitude: 29°18'07"; elevation: 4025 m. This data contains fileds as follows: Field 1: Site Number Data type: Alphanumeric characters (50) Field 2: Time Data type: Date type Field 3: Water temperature, °C Data type: Double-precision floating-point format Field 4: Relative water level, cm Data type: Double-precision floating-point format
The data set includes the vertical profile of water quality and the multi-parameter data of surface water quality of Selincho Lake during the investigation of the sources of rivers and lakes from June to July of 2017. The main water quality parameters measured are dissolved oxygen, conductivity, pH, water temperature, etc. YSI EXO2 water quality multi-parameter measuring instrument is calibrated according to lake surface elevation and local pressure before each measurement. The time interval of measurement is set at 0.25s, and the speed of putting in is slow, so he high continuity of data acquisition is guaranteed. The original data obtained include the measured data exposed to air above the water surface, which are eliminated in the later processing.
This data set includes the water depth measurement data during the Jianghuyuan expedition from June to July 2017 over the Kering Tso Lake. The measurement time is on July 2, 2017. The data was measured by Lowrance HDS-5 sonar sounder. The original data was generated by surfer 13 software and Kriging difference method. The original data contained more invalid depth data, which had been screened out in the later stage of collation. The survey line is reasonable to ensure that the data cover all depth gradients.
This data set comprises the depth measurements of Co Ngoin Lake during the River and Lake Source Investigation from June to July in 2017. The measurements were obtained on June 24, 2017 using a Lowrance HDS-5 sonar depth finder. The original data are made into the isobath map processed by the Surfer 13 software using the Kriging method. The original measured data contain numerous invalid depth data, all of which has been eliminated in the postselection process. The selected measurement line is reasonable, and the data cover various depth gradients.
This is the water quality vertical slope data of Selincuo Lake during the River and Lake Source Investigation from June to July in 2017. The main water quality parameter observation data includes dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, PH, water temperature and others.