This data set is hyperspectral observation data of typical vegetation along Sichuan Tibet Railway in September 2019, using the airborne spectrometer of Dajiang M600 resonon imaging system. Including the hyperspectral data observed in the grassland area of Lhasa in 2019, with its own latitude and longitude. The hyperspectral survey was mainly sunny. Before flight, whiteboard calibration was carried out; when data were collected, there was a target (that is, the standard reflective cloth suitable for the grass), which was used for spectral calibration; there were ground mark points (that is, letters with foam plates), and the longitude and latitude coordinates of each mark were recorded for geometric precise calibration. The DN value recorded by Hyperspectral camera of UAV can be converted into reflectivity by using Spectron Pro software. Hyperspectral data is used to extract spectral characteristics of different vegetation types, vegetation classification, inversion of vegetation coverage and so on.
The monthly average vegetation index data of Heihe River Basin is based on MODIS 1 km and 250 m NDVI products. From 250 m products, the grid value of Heihe River Basin is proposed as precision control, and the 1 km product is modified by HASM method. The monthly average vegetation index of Heihe River Basin from 2001 to 2011 was obtained by fusing multi-source NDVI data using HASM method. Resolution: 1km * 1km The average precipitation data set of Heihe River Basin adopts the data information of 21 meteorological conventional observation stations in Heihe River Basin and its surrounding areas and 13 national reference stations around Heihe River basin provided by Heihe planning data management center. The daily precipitation data of each station from 1961 to 2010 is calculated. If the coefficient of variation is greater than 100%, the daily precipitation distribution trend can be obtained by using the geographic weighted regression to calculate the relationship between the station and the geographical terrain factors; if the coefficient of variation is less than or equal to 100%, the relationship between the station precipitation value and the geographical terrain factors (longitude, latitude, elevation) is calculated by ordinary least square regression, and the daily precipitation score is obtained HASM (high accuracy surface modeling method) was used to fit and modify the residual error after removing the trend. Finally, the trend surface results and residual correction results are added to get the annual average precipitation distribution of Heihe River Basin from 1961 to 2010. Time resolution: annual average precipitation from 1961 to 2010. Spatial resolution: 500M.
The data include the datasets of temporal changes in water level, water storage and area of the Aral sea (1911−2017), the inter-decadal change of ecosystem structure (NDVI—Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) of the Aral sea (1977−2017), and dust intensity (EDI—Enhanced Dust Index) in the Aral sea (2000−2018). Using data fusion technology in the construction of a lake basin terrain, terrain based on remote sensing monitoring and field investigation, on the basis of the analysis of the Aral sea terrain data, generalized analyses the water - area - the changes of water content, the formation of water - water - area of temporal variation data set, can clearly reflect the Aral sea water change process and the present situation, provide basic data for the Aral sea environmental change research. The NDVI was used to reflect the vegetation ecology in the receding area. Landsat satellite data, with a spatial resolution of 30 m, was used for NDVI analysis in 1977, 1987, 1997, 2007, and 2017. Based on ENVI and GIS software, remote sensing image fusion, index calculation, and water extraction were used to determine the lake surface and lakeshore line of the Aral sea. The lakeside line in the south of the Aral sea is taken as the starting point, and it extends for 3 km to the receding area. The variation characteristics of vegetation NDVI in the lakeside zone within 0-3 km are obtained to reflect the structural changes of the lakeside ecosystem. EDI was extracted from MODIS image data. This index is introduced into the dust optical density to enhance the dust information to form the enhanced dust index. Based on remote sensing monitoring, the use of EDI, established the Aral sea area-EDI index curve, the curve as the construction of the Aral sea dry lake bed dust release and meteorological factors, quantitative relationship laid the foundation of soil physical and chemical properties, in order to determine the control of sand/salt dust in the reasonable area of the lake.
The data include NDVI data of Tibetan Plateau region, with spatial resolution 1000m, time resolution 16d, and time coverage in 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015.The data source is MOD13A2(C6).NDVI is a kind of vegetation index formed by combining visible light and near-infrared bands of satellites according to the spectral characteristics of vegetation.NDVI is a simple, effective and empirical measure of surface vegetation.The data is of great significance for analyzing the ecological environment of Tibetan Plateau.