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HiWATER:Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of Heihe remote sensing station, 2016)

该数据集包含了2016年1月1日至2016年12月31日黑河水文气象观测网中游黑河遥感站气象要素观测数据。站点位于甘肃省张掖市党寨镇东侧,下垫面是人工草地。观测点的经纬度是100.4756E, 38.8270N,海拔1560m。空气温度湿度传感器架设在1.5m处,朝向正北;气压计在防水箱内;翻斗式雨量计安装在0.7 m处;风速风向传感器架设在10m处,朝向正北;四分量辐射仪安装高度为1.5m,朝向正南;两个红外温度计安装高度为1.5m,朝向正南,探头朝向是垂直向下;土壤温度探头埋设在地表0cm和地下2cm、4cm、10cm、20cm、40cm、80cm、120cm、160cm处;土壤水分探头埋设在2cm、4cm、10cm、20cm、40cm、80cm、120cm、160cm处;平均土壤温度探头埋设在2cm和4cm;土壤热流板(3块)依次埋设在地下6cm处;两个光合有效辐射仪分别架设在冠层上方1.5m(探头垂直向上和向下方向各一个),朝向正南。


观测数据的处理与质量控制:(1)确保每天144个数据(每10min),若出现数据的缺失,则由-6999标示;2016.1.01-1.29由于采集器问题,很多观测要素出现较多的错误值;(2)剔除有重复记录的时刻;(3)删除了明显超出物理意义或超出仪器量程的数据;(4)数据中以红字标示的部分为有疑问的数据;(5)日期和时间的格式统一,并且日期、时间在同一列。如,时间为:2016-6-10 10:30;(6)命名规则为:AWS+站点名称。

水文气象网或站点信息请参考Li et al. (2013),观测数据处理请参考Liu et al. (2011)。


  1. Liu SM, Li X, Xu ZW, Che T, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Liu QH, Jin R, Guo JW, Wang LX, Wang WZ, Qi Y, Li HY, Xu TR, Ran YH, Hu XL, Shi SJ, Zhu ZL, Tan JL, Zhang Y, Ren ZG. The Heihe Integrated Observatory Network: A basin-scale land surface processes observatory in China. Vadose Zone Journal, 2018, 17:180072. doi:10.2136/vzj2018.04.0072查看 下载
  2. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Wang WZ, Bai J, Jia Z, Zhu M, Wang JM. A comparison of eddy-covariance and large aperture scintillometer measurements with respect to the energy balance closure problem. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2011, 15(4): 1291-1306. doi:10.5194/hess-15-1291-2011.查看 下载


  1. Li X, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Wang WZ, Hu XL, Xu ZW, Wen JG, Wang LX. A multiscale dataset for understanding complex eco-hydrological processes in a heterogeneous oasis system. Scientific Data, 2017, 4: 170083. doi:10.1038/sdata.2017.83.查看下载
  2. Xu ZW, Ma YF, Liu SM, Shi SJ, Wang JM. Assessment of the energy balance closure under advective conditions and its impact using remote sensing data. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 2017, 56: 127-140, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0096.1.查看下载
  3. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Song LS, Zhao QY, Ge Y, Xu TR, Ma YF, Zhu ZL, Jia ZZ, Zhang F. Upscaling evapotranspiration measurements from multi-site to the satellite pixel scale over heterogeneous land surfaces. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, 230-231, 97-113. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.04.008.查看下载
  4. Song LS, Liu SM, Kustas W P, Zhou J, Xu ZW, Xia T, Li MS. Application of remote sensing-based two-source energy balance model for mapping field surface fluxes with composite and component surface temperatures. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.01.005.查看下载
  5. Song LS , Kustas WP, Liu SM, Colaizzi PD, Nieto H, Xu ZW, Ma YF, Li MS, Xu TR, Agam N, Tolk JA, Evett SR. Applications of a thermal-based two-source energy balance model using Priestley-Taylor approach for surface temperature partitioning under advective conditions. Journal of Hydrology, 2016, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.06.034.查看下载
  6. Zhang Q, Sun R, Jiang GQ, Xu ZW, Liu SM. Carbon and energy flux from a Phragmites australis wetland in Zhangye oasis-desert area, China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.02.019.查看下载
  7. Xu TR, Bateni S.M., Liang SL. Estimating turbulent heat fluxes with a weak-constraint data assimilation scheme: A case study (HiWATER-MUSOEXE). IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (1), 68-72.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2326180查看下载
  8. Wang JM, Zhuang JX, Wang WZ, Liu SM, Xu ZW. Assessment of uncertainties in eddy covariance flux measurement based on intensive flux matrix of HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (2), 259-263. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2334703查看下载
  9. Song LS, Liu SM, Zhang X, Zhou J, Li MS. Estimating and Validating Soil Evaporation and Crop Transpiration During the HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12 (2), 334-338. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2339360查看下载
  10. Qiao C, Sun R, Xu ZW, Zhang L, Liu LY, Hao LY, Jiang GQ. A study of shelterbelt transpiration and cropland evapotranspiration in an irrigated area in the middle reaches of the Heihe River in northwestern China. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(2), 369-373. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2342219查看
  11. Zhu ZL, Tan L, Gao SG, Jiao QS. Oberservation on soil moisture of irrigated cropland by cosmic-ray probe. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 472-476.查看下载
  12. Ge Y, Liang YZ, Wang JH, Zhao QY, Liu SM. Upscaling sensible heat fluxes with area-to-area regression kriging.  IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 656-660.doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2355871查看下载
  13. Ma YF, Liu SM, Zhang F, Zhou J, Jia ZZ. Estimations of regional surface energy fluxes over heterogeneous oasis-desert surfaces in the middle reaches of the Heihe River during HiWATER-MUSOEXE. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(3), 671-675. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2356652查看下载
  14. Bai, J., Jia, L., Liu, S., Xu, Z., Hu, G., Zhu, M., Song, L.. Characterizing the Footprint of Eddy Covariance System and Large Aperture Scintillometer Measurements to Validate Satellite-Based Surface Fluxes. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2015, 12(5), 943-947. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2368580查看下载
  15. Xu TR, Liu SM, Xu ZW, Liang SL, Xu L. A dual-pass data assimilation scheme for estimating surface fluxes with FY3A-VIRR land surface temperature. Sci. China Earth Sci., 2015, 58(2), 211-230, doi: 10.1007/s11430-014-4964-7.查看下载
  16. Xu T, Liu S, Xu L, Chen Y, Jia Z, Xu Z, Nielson J. Temporal Upscaling and Reconstruction of Thermal Remotely Sensed Instantaneous Evapotranspiration. Remote Sensing. 2015, 7(3):3400-3425. doi:10.3390/rs70303400查看下载
  17. Zhang L, Sun R, Xu ZW, Qiao C, Jiang GQ. Diurnal and Seasonal Variations in Carbon Dioxide Exchange in Ecosystems in the Zhangye Oasis Area, Northwest China. PLoS ONE, 2015, 10(3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0120660查看下载
  18. Song LS, Liu SM, William Kustas P, Zhou J, Ma YF. Using the Surface Temperature-Albedo Space to Separate Regional Soil and Vegetation Temperatures from ASTER Data. Remote Sensing, 2015, 7(5):5828-5848. doi:10.3390/rs70505828查看下载
  19. Hu MG, Wang JH, Ge Y, Liu MX, Liu SM, Xu ZW, Xu TR. Scaling Flux Tower Observations of Sensible Heat Flux Using Weighted Area-to-Area Regression Kriging. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1032-1044.查看下载
  20. Zhou J, Li MS, Liu SM, Jia ZZ, Ma YF. Validation and performance evaluations of methods for estimating land surface temperatures from ASTER data in the middle reach of the Heihe River Basin, Northwest China. Remote Sensing, 2015, 7, 7126-7156.查看下载
  21. Gao SG, Zhu ZL, Liu SM, Jin R, Yang GC, Tan L. Estimating spatial distribution of soil moisture based on Bayesian maximum entropy method with auxiliary data from remote sensing. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 2014, 32, 54-66. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2014.03.003查看下载
  22. Li Y, Sun R, Liu SM. Vegetation Physiological Parameters Setting in the Simple Biosphere Model 2 (SiB2) for alpine meadows in upper reaches of Heihe River. SCIENCE CHINA, 2014,doi:10.1007/s11430-014-4909-1查看下载
  23. Xu ZW, Liu SM, Li X, Shi SJ, Wang JM, Zhu ZL, Xu TR, Wang WZ, Ma MG. Intercomparison of surface energy flux measurement systems used during the HiWATER-MUSOEXE. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2013,118, 13140-13157, doi:10.1002/2013JD020260.查看下载
  24. Liu SM, Xu ZW, Zhu ZL, Jia ZZ, Zhu MJ. Measurements of evapotranspiration from eddy-covariance systems and large aperture scintillometers in the Hai River Basin, China. Journal of Hydrology, 2013, 487, 24-38.查看下载


  1. Li X, Cheng GD, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Liu QH, Wang WZ, Qi Y, Wen JG, Li HY, Zhu GF, Guo JW, Ran YH, Wang SG, Zhu ZL, Zhou J, Hu XL, Xu ZW. Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (HiWATER): Scientific objectives and experimental design. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2013, 94(8): 1145-1160, 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00154.1.查看 | 下载
  2. 李新, 刘绍民, 马明国, 肖青, 柳钦火, 晋锐, 车涛, 王维真, 祁元, 李弘毅, 朱高峰, 郭建文, 冉有华, 闻建光, 王树果. 黑河流域生态-水文过程综合遥感观测联合试验总体设计. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(5): 481-498.查看 | 下载






    1. 2019-09-28 昆明理工大学 罗大游 用途:用于验证博士论文及相关英文小论文的实验研究结果。论文探讨研究区土壤湿度与地下水的关系,需要应用土壤湿度数据。
    2. 2019-08-10 西北师范大学 陈蔺鸿 用途:用寒区旱区科学数据中心的数据研究各类气象要素变化对西北地区的冰川和积雪消融的影响;高时间分辨率的四分量辐射仪数据用于验证Himawari8的太阳辐射产品精度,并进一步分析气象要素的变化对卫星观测数据估算太阳辐射精度的影响。
    3. 2019-04-02 四川大学 何紫玲 用途:本项目研究基于涡度相关系统的不同蒸散发模型在全球尺度上的适用情况,对尽可能精确地估算实际ET,研究作物耗水规律,基于ET制定农业用水制度以及发展节水农业都具有重要意义。蒸散发模型在全球尺度上的适用情况和玉米不同生育期的适用情况,对尽可能精确地估算实际ET,研究作物耗水规律,基于ET制定农业用水制度以及发展节水农业都具有重要意义。
    4. 2019-03-15 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 赵泽斌 用途:西北地物波谱测绘入库
    5. 2019-03-09 中国水利水电科学研究院 程慧 用途:用于生态模型驱动,用于生态过程模型驱动与验证[基于牧草生长过程的牧业旱灾损失评估
    6. 2019-03-02 辽宁工程技术大学 姚天宇 用途:无
    7. 2019-03-01 辽宁工程技术大学 吴昊 用途:完成硕士论文
    8. 2019-01-15 河海大学地球科学与工程学院 荆琛琳 用途:硕士毕业论文的课题为《SMAP土壤湿度数据产品的空间降尺度与干旱监测研究》,其中土壤湿度产品的检验需要用到提供的2015-2017年土壤湿度实测产品
    9. 2018-10-10 中国科学院大气物理研究所 艾金龙 用途:作为全球气候变化敏感区的干旱半干旱地区在全球的碳动态变化中有很大的不确定性,中国的海河流域作为典型的干旱半干旱地区,对于探寻区域碳循环具有重大意义,所以需要下载海河区域相关数据进行研究。
    10. 2018-07-04 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院 孟翔晨 用途:用于Landsat系列卫星地表温度产品的验证和尺度效应分析


    e.g. http://westdc.westgis.ac.cn/


    • 格式:文本
    • 大小:12.8MB
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    • 数据时间范围:2016-01-01 至 2016-12-31
    • 数据共享方式:离线



    • 元数据更新时间:2017-12-06
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